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Open AccessArticle

Extended Intake of Mulberry Leaf Extract Delayed Metformin Elimination via Inhibiting the Organic Cation Transporter 2

1
College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
2
Food Science and Technology Major, Division of Applied Bioengineering, College of Engineering, Dong-Eui University, Busan 47340, Korea
3
Department of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 25949, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the study.
Pharmaceutics 2020, 12(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics12010049 (registering DOI)
Received: 20 November 2019 / Revised: 31 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 7 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacokinetic Drug-Drug Interactions and Herb-Drug Interactions)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major health problem in most countries of the world. DM causes many complications, including hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and death. In Asia, mulberry has been used widely in the treatment of DM. Combination of drugs with herbal medicine may reduce the unwanted side effects caused by drugs. In this study, the influence of extended mulberry leaves extract (MLE) intake on metformin (Met) was evaluated in terms of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in DM-induced rats. Three week-treatment of MLE alone produced the anti-hyperglycemic effect (around 24%) if compared to the control. Interestingly, Met administration after MLE treatment for 3 weeks enhanced about 49% of the anti-hyperglycemic effect of Met. In addition, the extended intake of MLE potentiated the anti-hyperglycemic effect of Met on various concentrations. This potentiated anti-hyperglycemic effect of Met appears to be due to the pharmacokinetic change of Met. In this study, 3 week-treatment of MLE reduced the elimination of Met in DM-induced rats. In addition, MLE reduced the human organic cation transporter 2 (hOCT2) activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Thus, these findings suggest that MLE lowered the elimination of Met via inhibiting the hOCT2. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; metformin; Morus alba L.; mulberry; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; organic cation transporter 2 diabetes mellitus; metformin; Morus alba L.; mulberry; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; organic cation transporter 2
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Huh, H.W.; Na, Y.-G.; Bang, K.-H.; Kim, S.-J.; Kim, M.; Kim, K.-T.; Kang, J.-S.; Kim, Y.-H.; Baek, J.-S.; Lee, H.-K.; Cho, C.-W. Extended Intake of Mulberry Leaf Extract Delayed Metformin Elimination via Inhibiting the Organic Cation Transporter 2. Pharmaceutics 2020, 12, 49.

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