β-Cyclodextrin as a Functional Excipient Used for Enhancing the Diminazene Aceturate Bioavailability
AbstractIn this study, we proposed formulations of diminazene aceturate (DA) designed to improve its bioavailability and to maximize the therapeutic index in animals by overcoming the rapid degradation under the acidic pH of the stomach. An important consequence is the fact that its amount in the bloodstream is close to the administered dose. This was made possible by incorporating DA into the β-cyclodextrin’s (βCD) cavity in a molar ratio of 1:1. The structure of the resulted inclusion complex was established by Raman, DSC, and Wide-Angle X ray Diffraction (WAXD) in solid state and by 1H-NMR and H-H ROESY in aqueous solutions. The stoichiometry of the DA:βCD inclusion complex was obtained by using the continuous variation method (Job’s plot), considering the chemical shifts variations of protons from both DA and βCD compounds in 1H-NMR spectra. The biological activity was estimated in vitro by antioxidant activity and in vivo by comparing the bioavailability of parent DA and its inclusion complexes after a single dose administration in Wistar rats by using the HPLC method on their blood plasma. In vitro tests showed an improved antioxidant activity. In vivo tests have shown that the DA concentration is always much higher in blood plasma of rats when DA:βCD inclusion complex of 1:1 molar ratio was administered (i.e., at 60 min, DA is around 11 and 3 times higher when DA:βCD inclusion complex of 1:1 molar ratio was administered than the parent DA one and DA:βCD lyophilized mixture of 1:2 molar ratio, respectively). View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 488 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Marangoci, N.; Timpu, D.; Corciova, A.; Mircea, C.; Petrovici, A.-R.; Nicolescu, A.; Ursu, E.-L.; Nastasa, V.; Bostanaru, A.-C.; Mares, M.; Pertea, M.; Pinteala, M. β-Cyclodextrin as a Functional Excipient Used for Enhancing the Diminazene Aceturate Bioavailability. Pharmaceutics 2019, 11, 295.
Marangoci N, Timpu D, Corciova A, Mircea C, Petrovici A-R, Nicolescu A, Ursu E-L, Nastasa V, Bostanaru A-C, Mares M, Pertea M, Pinteala M. β-Cyclodextrin as a Functional Excipient Used for Enhancing the Diminazene Aceturate Bioavailability. Pharmaceutics. 2019; 11(6):295.Chicago/Turabian Style
Marangoci, Narcisa; Timpu, Daniel; Corciova, Andreia; Mircea, Cornelia; Petrovici, Anca-Roxana; Nicolescu, Alina; Ursu, Elena-Laura; Nastasa, Valentin; Bostanaru, Andra-Cristina; Mares, Mihai; Pertea, Mihaela; Pinteala, Mariana. 2019. "β-Cyclodextrin as a Functional Excipient Used for Enhancing the Diminazene Aceturate Bioavailability." Pharmaceutics 11, no. 6: 295.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.