Roles of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B in Human Papillomavirus Infection and Disease Progression
AbstractThe apolipoprotein B messenger RNA-editing, enzyme-catalytic, polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) family of cytidine deaminases plays an important role in the innate immune response to viral infections by editing viral genomes. However, the cytidine deaminase activity of APOBEC3 enzymes also induces somatic mutations in host genomes, which may drive cancer progression. Recent studies of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and disease outcome highlight this duality. HPV infection is potently inhibited by one family member, APOBEC3A. Expression of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B is highly elevated by the HPV oncoproteins E6 and E7 during persistent virus infection and disease progression. Furthermore, there is a high prevalence of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B mutation signatures in HPV-associated cancers. These findings suggest that induction of an APOBEC3-mediated antiviral response during HPV infection may inadvertently contribute to cancer mutagenesis and virus evolution. Here, we discuss current understanding of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B biology in HPV restriction, evolution, and associated cancer mutagenesis. View Full-Text
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Warren, C.J.; Westrich, J.A.; Doorslaer, K.V.; Pyeon, D. Roles of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B in Human Papillomavirus Infection and Disease Progression. Viruses 2017, 9, 233.
Warren CJ, Westrich JA, Doorslaer KV, Pyeon D. Roles of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B in Human Papillomavirus Infection and Disease Progression. Viruses. 2017; 9(8):233.Chicago/Turabian Style
Warren, Cody J.; Westrich, Joseph A.; Doorslaer, Koenraad V.; Pyeon, Dohun. 2017. "Roles of APOBEC3A and APOBEC3B in Human Papillomavirus Infection and Disease Progression." Viruses 9, no. 8: 233.
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