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Insect-Specific Virus Discovery: Significance for the Arbovirus Community

Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, Center for Tropical Diseases, and Department of Pathology,University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, TX 78756, USA
Academic Editor: Karyn Johnson
Viruses 2015, 7(9), 4911-4928;
Received: 9 May 2015 / Revised: 31 July 2015 / Accepted: 31 July 2015 / Published: 10 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of the Insect Microbiome on Arbovirus Transmission)
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses), especially those transmitted by mosquitoes, are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in humans and animals worldwide. Recent discoveries indicate that mosquitoes are naturally infected with a wide range of other viruses, many within taxa occupied by arboviruses that are considered insect-specific. Over the past ten years there has been a dramatic increase in the literature describing novel insect-specific virus detection in mosquitoes, which has provided new insights about viral diversity and evolution, including that of arboviruses. It has also raised questions about what effects the mosquito virome has on arbovirus transmission. Additionally, the discovery of these new viruses has generated interest in their potential use as biological control agents as well as novel vaccine platforms. The arbovirus community will benefit from the growing database of knowledge concerning these newly described viral endosymbionts, as their impacts will likely be far reaching. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-specific virus; arbovirus; evolution; vector competence; vaccine insect-specific virus; arbovirus; evolution; vector competence; vaccine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bolling, B.G.; Weaver, S.C.; Tesh, R.B.; Vasilakis, N. Insect-Specific Virus Discovery: Significance for the Arbovirus Community. Viruses 2015, 7, 4911-4928.

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