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Viruses 2014, 6(5), 2052-2061;

A Novel Adenovirus in Chinstrap Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) in Antarctica

Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Institute for Viral Diseases, Korea University, Seoul 136-705, Korea
Division of Life Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon 406-840, Korea
Department of Biomedical Science, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 136-705, Korea
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Guro Hospital, Seoul 152-703, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 March 2014 / Revised: 26 April 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 7 May 2014
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Adenoviruses (family Adenoviridae) infect various organ systems and cause diseases in a wide range of host species. In this study, we examined multiple tissues from Chinstrap penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica), collected in Antarctica during 2009 and 2010, for the presence of novel adenoviruses by PCR. Analysis of a 855-bp region of the hexon gene of a newly identified adenovirus, designated Chinstrap penguin adenovirus 1 (CSPAdV-1), showed nucleotide (amino acid) sequence identity of 71.8% (65.5%) with South Polar skua 1 (SPSAdV-1), 71% (70%) with raptor adenovirus 1 (RAdV-1), 71.4% (67.6%) with turkey adenovirus 3 (TAdV-3) and 61% (61.6%) with frog adenovirus 1 (FrAdV-1). Based on the genetic and phylogenetic analyses, CSPAdV-1 was classified as a member of the genus, Siadenovirus. Virus isolation attempts from kidney homogenates in the MDTC-RP19 (ATCC® CRL-8135™) cell line were unsuccessful. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence of new adenovirus species in Antarctic penguins. View Full-Text
Keywords: adenovirus; Siadenovirus; Chinstrap penguin; Antarctica adenovirus; Siadenovirus; Chinstrap penguin; Antarctica

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Lee, S.-Y.; Kim, J.-H.; Park, Y.M.; Shin, O.S.; Kim, H.; Choi, H.-G.; Song, J.-W. A Novel Adenovirus in Chinstrap Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica) in Antarctica. Viruses 2014, 6, 2052-2061.

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