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One Health Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Seropositivity among Pets in Households with Confirmed Human COVID-19 Cases—Utah and Wisconsin, 2020

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, 2150 Centre Avenue, Bldg B., Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
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National Veterinary Services Laboratories, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, 1920 Dayton Ave, Ames, IA 50010, USA
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Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 445 Easterday Ln, Madison, WI 53706, USA
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Utah Department of Health, 288 N 1460 W, Salt Lake City, UT 84116, USA
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Utah Department of Agriculture and Food, 350 N Redwood Rd, Salt Lake City, UT 84116, USA
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Salt Lake County Health Department, 788 Woodoak Ln, Murray, UT 84107, USA
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Wisconsin Department of Health Services, 1 W Wilson St, Madison, WI 53703, USA
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Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, 2811 Agriculture Dr, Madison, WI 53718, USA
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City of Milwaukee Health Department Laboratory, 841 N Broadway, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luis Martinez-Sobrido and Fernando Almazan Toral
Viruses 2021, 13(9), 1813; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13091813
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 12 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19)
Approximately 67% of U.S. households have pets. Limited data are available on SARS-CoV-2 in pets. We assessed SARS-CoV-2 infection in pets during a COVID-19 household transmission investigation. Pets from households with ≥1 person with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were eligible for inclusion from April–May 2020. We enrolled 37 dogs and 19 cats from 34 households. All oropharyngeal, nasal, and rectal swabs tested negative by rRT-PCR; one dog’s fur swabs (2%) tested positive by rRT-PCR at the first sampling. Among 47 pets with serological results, eight (17%) pets (four dogs, four cats) from 6/30 (20%) households had detectable SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies. In households with a seropositive pet, the proportion of people with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 was greater (median 79%; range: 40–100%) compared to households with no seropositive pet (median 37%; range: 13–100%) (p = 0.01). Thirty-three pets with serologic results had frequent daily contact (≥1 h) with the index patient before the person’s COVID-19 diagnosis. Of these 33 pets, 14 (42%) had decreased contact with the index patient after diagnosis and none were seropositive; of the 19 (58%) pets with continued contact, four (21%) were seropositive. Seropositive pets likely acquired infection after contact with people with COVID-19. People with COVID-19 should restrict contact with pets and other animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; pets; dog; cat; transmission; zoonoses; household transmission COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; pets; dog; cat; transmission; zoonoses; household transmission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goryoka, G.W.; Cossaboom, C.M.; Gharpure, R.; Dawson, P.; Tansey, C.; Rossow, J.; Mrotz, V.; Rooney, J.; Torchetti, M.; Loiacono, C.M.; Killian, M.L.; Jenkins-Moore, M.; Lim, A.; Poulsen, K.; Christensen, D.; Sweet, E.; Peterson, D.; Sangster, A.L.; Young, E.L.; Oakeson, K.F.; Taylor, D.; Price, A.; Kiphibane, T.; Klos, R.; Konkle, D.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Dasu, T.; Chu, V.T.; Lewis, N.M.; Queen, K.; Zhang, J.; Uehara, A.; Dietrich, E.A.; Tong, S.; Kirking, H.L.; Doty, J.B.; Murrell, L.S.; Spengler, J.R.; Straily, A.; Wallace, R.; Barton Behravesh, C. One Health Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Seropositivity among Pets in Households with Confirmed Human COVID-19 Cases—Utah and Wisconsin, 2020. Viruses 2021, 13, 1813. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13091813

AMA Style

Goryoka GW, Cossaboom CM, Gharpure R, Dawson P, Tansey C, Rossow J, Mrotz V, Rooney J, Torchetti M, Loiacono CM, Killian ML, Jenkins-Moore M, Lim A, Poulsen K, Christensen D, Sweet E, Peterson D, Sangster AL, Young EL, Oakeson KF, Taylor D, Price A, Kiphibane T, Klos R, Konkle D, Bhattacharyya S, Dasu T, Chu VT, Lewis NM, Queen K, Zhang J, Uehara A, Dietrich EA, Tong S, Kirking HL, Doty JB, Murrell LS, Spengler JR, Straily A, Wallace R, Barton Behravesh C. One Health Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Seropositivity among Pets in Households with Confirmed Human COVID-19 Cases—Utah and Wisconsin, 2020. Viruses. 2021; 13(9):1813. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13091813

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goryoka, Grace W., Caitlin M. Cossaboom, Radhika Gharpure, Patrick Dawson, Cassandra Tansey, John Rossow, Victoria Mrotz, Jane Rooney, Mia Torchetti, Christina M. Loiacono, Mary L. Killian, Melinda Jenkins-Moore, Ailam Lim, Keith Poulsen, Dan Christensen, Emma Sweet, Dallin Peterson, Anna L. Sangster, Erin L. Young, Kelly F. Oakeson, Dean Taylor, Amanda Price, Tair Kiphibane, Rachel Klos, Darlene Konkle, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Trivikram Dasu, Victoria T. Chu, Nathaniel M. Lewis, Krista Queen, Jing Zhang, Anna Uehara, Elizabeth A. Dietrich, Suxiang Tong, Hannah L. Kirking, Jeffrey B. Doty, Laura S. Murrell, Jessica R. Spengler, Anne Straily, Ryan Wallace, and Casey Barton Behravesh. 2021. "One Health Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Seropositivity among Pets in Households with Confirmed Human COVID-19 Cases—Utah and Wisconsin, 2020" Viruses 13, no. 9: 1813. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13091813

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