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Longitudinal Secretion of Paramyxovirus RNA in the Urine of Straw-Coloured Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)

Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)

Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Royal College Street, London NW1 0TU, UK
Disease Dynamics Unit, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK
School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra P.O. Box LG 25, Ghana
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Paola De Benedictis, Wanda Markotter and Stefania Leopardi
Viruses 2021, 13(8), 1659;
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 16 August 2021 / Accepted: 16 August 2021 / Published: 20 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecology of Virus Emergence from Wildilfe)
Bats have been identified as the natural hosts of several emerging zoonotic viruses, including paramyxoviruses, such as Hendra and Nipah viruses, that can cause fatal disease in humans. Recently, African fruit bats with populations that roost in or near urban areas have been shown to harbour a great diversity of paramyxoviruses, posing potential spillover risks to public health. Understanding the circulation of these viruses in their reservoir populations is essential to predict and prevent future emerging diseases. Here, we identify a high incidence of multiple paramyxoviruses in urine samples collected from a closed captive colony of circa 115 straw-coloured fruit bats (Eidolon helvum). The sequences detected have high nucleotide identities with those derived from free ranging African fruit bats and form phylogenetic clusters with the Henipavirus genus, Pararubulavirus genus and other unclassified paramyxoviruses. As this colony had been closed for 5 years prior to this study, these results indicate that within-host paramyxoviral persistence underlies the role of bats as reservoirs of these viruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: chiroptera; Pteropodidae; longitudinal study; Henipavirus; Pararubulavirus chiroptera; Pteropodidae; longitudinal study; Henipavirus; Pararubulavirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gibson, L.; Ribas, M.P.; Kemp, J.; Restif, O.; Suu-Ire, R.D.; Wood, J.L.N.; Cunningham, A.A. Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Viruses 2021, 13, 1659.

AMA Style

Gibson L, Ribas MP, Kemp J, Restif O, Suu-Ire RD, Wood JLN, Cunningham AA. Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum). Viruses. 2021; 13(8):1659.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gibson, Louise, Maria P. Ribas, James Kemp, Olivier Restif, Richard D. Suu-Ire, James L.N. Wood, and Andrew A. Cunningham 2021. "Persistence of Multiple Paramyxoviruses in a Closed Captive Colony of Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum)" Viruses 13, no. 8: 1659.

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