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Article

Active Components of Commonly Prescribed Medicines Affect Influenza A Virus–Host Cell Interaction: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine (IKOM), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7028 Trondheim, Norway
2
Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
3
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Craig McCormick
Viruses 2021, 13(8), 1537; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081537
Received: 9 July 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 August 2021 / Published: 3 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Broad Spectrum Antivirals and Antiviral Combinations)
Background: Every year, millions of people are hospitalized and thousands die from influenza A virus (FLUAV) infection. Most cases of hospitalizations and death occur among the elderly. Many of these elderly patients are reliant on medical treatment of underlying chronic diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension. We hypothesized that the commonly prescribed medicines for treatment of underlying chronic diseases can affect host responses to FLUAV infection and thus contribute to the morbidity and mortality associated with influenza. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether commonly prescribed medicines could affect host responses to virus infection in vitro. Methods: We first identified 45 active compounds from a list of commonly prescribed medicines. Then, we constructed a drug–target interaction network and identified the potential implication of these interactions for FLUAV–host cell interplay. Finally, we tested the effect of 45 drugs on the viability, transcription, and metabolism of mock- and FLUAV-infected human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Results: In silico drug–target interaction analysis revealed that drugs such as atorvastatin, candesartan, and hydroxocobalamin could target and modulate FLUAV–host cell interaction. In vitro experiments showed that at non-cytotoxic concentrations, these compounds affected the transcription and metabolism of FLUAV- and mock-infected cells. Conclusion: Many commonly prescribed drugs were found to modulate FLUAV–host cell interactions in silico and in vitro and could therefore affect their interplay in vivo, thus contributing to the morbidity and mortality of patients with influenza virus infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: influenza virus; virus–host interaction; commonly prescribed drugs; drug adverse reaction influenza virus; virus–host interaction; commonly prescribed drugs; drug adverse reaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ianevski, A.; Yao, R.; Zusinaite, E.; Lysvand, H.; Oksenych, V.; Tenson, T.; Bjørås, M.; Kainov, D. Active Components of Commonly Prescribed Medicines Affect Influenza A Virus–Host Cell Interaction: A Pilot Study. Viruses 2021, 13, 1537. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081537

AMA Style

Ianevski A, Yao R, Zusinaite E, Lysvand H, Oksenych V, Tenson T, Bjørås M, Kainov D. Active Components of Commonly Prescribed Medicines Affect Influenza A Virus–Host Cell Interaction: A Pilot Study. Viruses. 2021; 13(8):1537. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ianevski, Aleksandr, Rouan Yao, Eva Zusinaite, Hilde Lysvand, Valentyn Oksenych, Tanel Tenson, Magnar Bjørås, and Denis Kainov. 2021. "Active Components of Commonly Prescribed Medicines Affect Influenza A Virus–Host Cell Interaction: A Pilot Study" Viruses 13, no. 8: 1537. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13081537

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