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Article

Geographic Distribution and Phylogeny of Soricine Shrew-Borne Seewis Virus and Altai Virus in Russia

1
State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology “Vector”, 630559 Koltsovo, Russia
2
Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, 630091 Novosibirsk, Russia
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Department of Vertebrate Zoology and Ecology, Tomsk State University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
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Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo 183-8538, Japan
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Center for Surveillance, Immunization and Epidemiologic Research, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan
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Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan
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Department of Biology and Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
8
Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kumiko Yoshimatsu and Hiroaki Kariwa
Viruses 2021, 13(7), 1286; https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071286
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 27 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 June 2021 / Published: 1 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hantavirus)
The discovery of genetically distinct hantaviruses (family Hantaviridae) in multiple species of shrews, moles and bats has revealed a complex evolutionary history involving cross-species transmission. Seewis virus (SWSV) is widely distributed throughout the geographic ranges of its soricid hosts, including the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus), tundra shrew (Sorex tundrensis) and Siberian large-toothed shrew (Sorex daphaenodon), suggesting host sharing. In addition, genetic variants of SWSV, previously named Artybash virus (ARTV) and Amga virus, have been detected in the Laxmann’s shrew (Sorex caecutiens). Here, we describe the geographic distribution and phylogeny of SWSV and Altai virus (ALTV) in Asian Russia. The complete genomic sequence analysis showed that ALTV, also harbored by the Eurasian common shrew, is a new hantavirus species, distantly related to SWSV. Moreover, Lena River virus (LENV) appears to be a distinct hantavirus species, harbored by Laxmann’s shrews and flat-skulled shrews (Sorex roboratus) in Eastern Siberia and far-eastern Russia. Another ALTV-related virus, which is more closely related to Camp Ripley virus from the United States, has been identified in the Eurasian least shrew (Sorex minutissimus) from far-eastern Russia. Two highly divergent viruses, ALTV and SWSV co-circulate among common shrews in Western Siberia, while LENV and the ARTV variant of SWSV co-circulate among Laxmann’s shrews in Eastern Siberia and far-eastern Russia. ALTV and ALTV-related viruses appear to belong to the Mobatvirus genus, while SWSV is a member of the Orthohantavirus genus. These findings suggest that ALTV and ALTV-related hantaviruses might have emerged from ancient cross-species transmission with subsequent diversification within Sorex shrews in Eurasia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hantaviridae; hantavirus; shrew; evolution; Russia Hantaviridae; hantavirus; shrew; evolution; Russia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yashina, L.N.; Abramov, S.A.; Zhigalin, A.V.; Smetannikova, N.A.; Dupal, T.A.; Krivopalov, A.V.; Kikuchi, F.; Senoo, K.; Arai, S.; Mizutani, T.; Suzuki, M.; Cook, J.A.; Yanagihara, R. Geographic Distribution and Phylogeny of Soricine Shrew-Borne Seewis Virus and Altai Virus in Russia. Viruses 2021, 13, 1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071286

AMA Style

Yashina LN, Abramov SA, Zhigalin AV, Smetannikova NA, Dupal TA, Krivopalov AV, Kikuchi F, Senoo K, Arai S, Mizutani T, Suzuki M, Cook JA, Yanagihara R. Geographic Distribution and Phylogeny of Soricine Shrew-Borne Seewis Virus and Altai Virus in Russia. Viruses. 2021; 13(7):1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071286

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yashina, Liudmila N., Sergey A. Abramov, Alexander V. Zhigalin, Natalia A. Smetannikova, Tamara A. Dupal, Anton V. Krivopalov, Fuka Kikuchi, Kae Senoo, Satoru Arai, Tetsuya Mizutani, Motoi Suzuki, Joseph A. Cook, and Richard Yanagihara. 2021. "Geographic Distribution and Phylogeny of Soricine Shrew-Borne Seewis Virus and Altai Virus in Russia" Viruses 13, no. 7: 1286. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13071286

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