Next Article in Journal
Transmission of the Bean-Associated Cytorhabdovirus by the Whitefly Bemisia tabaci MEAM1
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of Viral Targeted Sequence Capture Using Nanopore Sequencing Directly from Clinical Samples
Previous Article in Journal
Spatio-Temporal Mutational Profile Appearances of Swedish SARS-CoV-2 during the Early Pandemic
Previous Article in Special Issue
High-Quality Resolution of the Outbreak-Related Zika Virus Genome and Discovery of New Viruses Using Ion Torrent-Based Metatranscriptomics

Novel Circoviruses Detected in Feces of Sonoran Felids

Genetics Graduate Interdisciplinary Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
The Biodesign Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics, Center for Evolution and Medicine, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-5001, USA
School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Primero Conservation, Box 16106, Portal, AZ 85632, USA
U.S. Geological Survey, Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Structural Biology Research Unit, Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town 7701, South Africa
The BIO5 Institute, Department of Immunobiology, Cancer Biology Graduate Interdisciplinary Program, UA Cancer Center, University of Arizona Tucson, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2020, 12(9), 1027;
Received: 22 August 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 15 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viral Genomics: Elucidating Virology in a Metagenomic World)
Sonoran felids are threatened by drought and habitat fragmentation. Vector range expansion and anthropogenic factors such as habitat encroachment and climate change are altering viral evolutionary dynamics and exposure. However, little is known about the diversity of viruses present in these populations. Small felid populations with lower genetic diversity are likely to be most threatened with extinction by emerging diseases, as with other selective pressures, due to having less adaptive potential. We used a metagenomic approach to identify novel circoviruses, which may have a negative impact on the population viability, from confirmed bobcat (Lynx rufus) and puma (Puma concolor) scats collected in Sonora, Mexico. Given some circoviruses are known to cause disease in their hosts, such as porcine and avian circoviruses, we took a non-invasive approach using scat to identify circoviruses in free-roaming bobcats and puma. Three circovirus genomes were determined, and, based on the current species demarcation, they represent two novel species. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that one circovirus species is more closely related to rodent associated circoviruses and the other to bat associated circoviruses, sharing highest genome-wide pairwise identity of approximately 70% and 63%, respectively. At this time, it is unknown whether these scat-derived circoviruses infect felids, their prey, or another organism that might have had contact with the scat in the environment. Further studies should be conducted to elucidate the host of these viruses and assess health impacts in felids. View Full-Text
Keywords: Circoviridae; circoviruses; bobcat; Lynx rufus; Sonoran Desert; Sonoran felid associated (Sonfela) circoviruses Circoviridae; circoviruses; bobcat; Lynx rufus; Sonoran Desert; Sonoran felid associated (Sonfela) circoviruses
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Payne, N.; Kraberger, S.; Fontenele, R.S.; Schmidlin, K.; Bergeman, M.H.; Cassaigne, I.; Culver, M.; Varsani, A.; Van Doorslaer, K. Novel Circoviruses Detected in Feces of Sonoran Felids. Viruses 2020, 12, 1027.

AMA Style

Payne N, Kraberger S, Fontenele RS, Schmidlin K, Bergeman MH, Cassaigne I, Culver M, Varsani A, Van Doorslaer K. Novel Circoviruses Detected in Feces of Sonoran Felids. Viruses. 2020; 12(9):1027.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Payne, Natalie, Simona Kraberger, Rafaela S. Fontenele, Kara Schmidlin, Melissa H. Bergeman, Ivonne Cassaigne, Melanie Culver, Arvind Varsani, and Koenraad Van Doorslaer. 2020. "Novel Circoviruses Detected in Feces of Sonoran Felids" Viruses 12, no. 9: 1027.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop