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Open AccessArticle

Virome of a Feline Outbreak of Diarrhea and Vomiting Includes Bocaviruses and a Novel Chapparvovirus

Vitalant Research Institute, 270 Masonic Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
The British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Vancouver, BC V5T1R1, Canada
IDEXX Reference Laboratories, Inc., West Sacramento, CA 95605, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the study.
Viruses 2020, 12(5), 506;
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 1 May 2020 / Published: 4 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enteric Viruses in Animals)
An unexplained outbreak of feline diarrhea and vomiting, negative for common enteric viral and bacterial pathogens, was subjected to viral metagenomics and PCR. We characterized from fecal samples the genome of a novel chapparvovirus we named fechavirus that was shed by 8/17 affected cats and identified three different feline bocaviruses shed by 9/17 cats. Also detected were nucleic acids from attenuated vaccine viruses, members of the normal feline virome, viruses found in only one or two cases, and viruses likely derived from ingested food products. Epidemiological investigation of disease signs, time of onset, and transfers of affected cats between three facilities support a possible role for this new chapparvovirus in a highly contagious feline diarrhea and vomiting disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parvoviridae; chaphamaparvovirus; chapparvovirus; fechavirus; diarrhea; virome Parvoviridae; chaphamaparvovirus; chapparvovirus; fechavirus; diarrhea; virome
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Li, Y.; Gordon, E.; Idle, A.; Altan, E.; Seguin, M.A.; Estrada, M.; Deng, X.; Delwart, E. Virome of a Feline Outbreak of Diarrhea and Vomiting Includes Bocaviruses and a Novel Chapparvovirus. Viruses 2020, 12, 506.

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