The human OAS1 (hOAS1) gene produces multiple possible isoforms due to alternative splicing events and sequence variation among individuals, some of which affect splicing. The unique C-terminal sequences of the hOAS1 isoforms could differentially affect synthetase activity, protein stability, protein partner interactions and/or cellular localization. Recombinant p41, p42, p44, p46, p48, p49 and p52 hOAS1 isoform proteins expressed in bacteria were each able to synthesize trimer and higher order 2′-5′ linked oligoadenylates in vitro in response to poly(I:C). The p42, p44, p46, p48 and p52 isoform proteins were each able to induce RNase-mediated rRNA cleavage in response to poly(I:C) when overexpressed in HEK293 cells. The expressed levels of the p42 and p46 isoform proteins were higher than those of the other isoforms, suggesting increased stability in mammalian cells. In a yeast two-hybrid screen, Fibrillin1 (FBN1) was identified as a binding partner for hOAS1 p42 isoform, and Supervillin (SVIL) as a binding partner for the p44 isoform. The p44-SVIL interaction was supported by co-immunoprecipitation data from mammalian cells. The data suggest that the unique C-terminal regions of hOAS1 isoforms may mediate the recruitment of different partners, alternative functional capacities and/or different cellular localization.
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