Genetic Diversity of Sapoviruses among Inpatients in Germany, 2008−2018
AbstractSapovirus enteric disease affects people of all ages across the globe, in both sporadic cases and outbreak settings. Sapovirus is seldom assessed in Germany and its epidemiology in the country is essentially unknown. Thus, sapovirus occurrence and genetic diversity were studied by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and partial sequencing of major viral structural protein (VP1) gene in two different sets of stool samples: (1) a selection of 342 diarrheal stools collected from inpatient children during 2008−2009, and (2) 5555 stool samples collected during 2010–2018 from inpatients of all age groups with gastrointestinal complaints. Results showed year-round circulation of sapoviruses, with peaks during cooler months. In total, 30 samples (8.8%) of the first and 112 samples of the second set of samples (2.0%) were sapovirus positive. Capsid gene sequencing was successful in 134/142 samples (94.4%) and showed circulation of all known human pathogenic genogroups. Genotype GI.1 predominated (31.8%), followed by GII.1 (16.7%), GII.3 (14.5%), GI.2 (13.8%) and GV.1 (12.3%). Additionally, minor circulation of GI.3, GI.6, GII.2, GII.4, GII.6 and GIV.1 was shown. Consequently, sapovirus diagnostics need broadly reactive RT-PCR protocols and should particularly be considered in infants and young children. Further studies from other sampling sites are essential to extend our knowledge on sapovirus epidemiology in Germany. View Full-Text
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Mann, P.; Pietsch, C.; Liebert, U.G. Genetic Diversity of Sapoviruses among Inpatients in Germany, 2008−2018. Viruses 2019, 11, 726.
Mann P, Pietsch C, Liebert UG. Genetic Diversity of Sapoviruses among Inpatients in Germany, 2008−2018. Viruses. 2019; 11(8):726.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mann, Pia; Pietsch, Corinna; Liebert, Uwe G. 2019. "Genetic Diversity of Sapoviruses among Inpatients in Germany, 2008−2018." Viruses 11, no. 8: 726.
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