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Hypsugopoxvirus: A Novel Poxvirus Isolated from Hypsugo savii in Italy

1
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna, Via Bianchi 9, 25124 Brescia, Italy
2
Wildlife Rehabilitation Center WWF of Valpredina via Pioda n.1, 24060 Cenate Sopra (BG), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(6), 568; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11060568
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Bats 2019)
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Abstract

Interest in bat-related viruses has increased considerably during the last decade, leading to the discovery of a rising number of new viruses in several bat species. Poxviridae are a large, diverse family of DNA viruses that can infect a wide range of vertebrates and invertebrates. To date, only a few documented detections of poxviruses have been described in bat populations on three different continents (America, Africa, and Australia). These viruses are phylogenetically dissimilar and have diverse clinical impacts on their hosts. Herein, we report the isolation, nearly complete genome sequencing, and annotation of a novel poxvirus detected from an insectivorous bat (Hypsugo savii) in Northern Italy. The virus is tentatively named Hypsugopoxvirus (HYPV) after the bat species from which it was isolated. The nearly complete genome size is 166,600 nt and it encodes 161 genes. Genome analyses suggest that HYPV belongs to the Chordopoxvirinae subfamily, with the highest nucleotide identity (85%) to Eptesipoxvirus (EPTV) detected from a microbat Eptesicus fuscus in WA, USA, in 2011. To date, HYPV represents the first poxvirus detected in bats in Europe; thus, its viral ecology and disease associations should be investigated further. View Full-Text
Keywords: bats; poxvirus; Italy bats; poxvirus; Italy
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Lelli, D.; Lavazza, A.; Prosperi, A.; Sozzi, E.; Faccin, F.; Baioni, L.; Trogu, T.; Cavallari, G.L.; Mauri, M.; Gibellini, A.M.; Chiapponi, C.; Moreno, A. Hypsugopoxvirus: A Novel Poxvirus Isolated from Hypsugo savii in Italy. Viruses 2019, 11, 568.

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