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Viruses 2019, 11(4), 333;

Final Consumer Options to Control and Prevent Foodborne Norovirus Infections

Enteric Virus Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Statistics, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety (INSA·UB), University of Barcelona, 08291 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noroviruses)
PDF [819 KB, uploaded 9 April 2019]


Norovirus (NoV) causes about one-fifth of all cases of foodborne diseases and is a foremost cause of domestically acquired foodborne acute gastroenteritis and outbreaks. NoV infections are often associated with the consumption of contaminated fresh and ready-to-eat produce, fresh and frozen berries, raw/undercooked bivalve mollusks and products which become contaminated during handling. Despite many industrial efforts to control and prevent NoV contamination of foods, the prevalence of NoV in high-risk foodstuffs at retail is still significant. Although certain consumer behaviors may even increase the risk of virus transmission, interventions aiming at changing/implementing consumer habits may be considered as opportunities for risk mitigation. This review aims at providing an update on the progress made in characterizing the effect that consumer habits, which are most critical to prevent NoV transmission (food choice and hygiene, disinfection and cooking during food preparation), may have on reducing the risk of NoV infection. A better understanding of the options for NoV control and prevention may be translated into innovative educational, social or even technological tools targeting consumers with the objective of mitigating the risk of NoV transmission. View Full-Text
Keywords: noroviruses; foodborne infections; consumers; prevention; control noroviruses; foodborne infections; consumers; prevention; control

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Guix, S.; Pintó, R.M.; Bosch, A. Final Consumer Options to Control and Prevent Foodborne Norovirus Infections. Viruses 2019, 11, 333.

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