Next Article in Journal
HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein at the Interface of Host Restriction and Virus Evasion
Previous Article in Journal
Understanding Prion Strains: Evidence from Studies of the Disease Forms Affecting Humans
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Viruses 2019, 11(4), 310; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11040310

African Swine Fever Status in Europe

1
Department of Environmental Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chelmonskiego 38C, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Mall, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 30 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
  |  
PDF [2988 KB, uploaded 30 March 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious disease that affects the domestic pig and wild boar population. The aim of this study was to describe the introduction and spread of the ASF virus in Western Europe (1960–1995) and in Eastern Europe (2007–2018), with particular emphasis on the current ASF situation in Poland and its challenges and future perspectives. The first ASF outbreak in Europe was reported in Portugal in 1957, with the virus spreading over most of Western Europe over the next 30 years. In Eastern Europe, the virus was first observed in Georgia in 2007, from where the disease spread quickly to other neighboring countries, reaching Poland in 2014. Since then, there have been 3341 confirmed cases in the wild boar population in Poland. Although there have been no confirmed cases of wild boars coming into contact with domestic pigs, the first notified case concerning domestic pigs was reported in July 2014. Since then, there have been a total of 213 confirmed outbreaks of ASF on Polish pig farms. Given the virulence of the ASF virus and the myriad of transmission routes across Europe, the monitoring of this disease must be a priority for Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: African Swine Fever; wild boar; domestic pig; Poland African Swine Fever; wild boar; domestic pig; Poland
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cwynar, P.; Stojkov, J.; Wlazlak, K. African Swine Fever Status in Europe. Viruses 2019, 11, 310.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Viruses EISSN 1999-4915 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top