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Viruses 2019, 11(3), 281; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11030281

Hepatitis A Strain Linked to the European Outbreaks During Gay Events between 2016 and 2017, Identified in a Brazilian Homosexual Couple in 2017

1
Viral Hepatitis Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro RJ 21040-900, Brazil
2
Institute of Technology in Immunobiologics–Bio-Manguinhos, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro RJ 21040-900, Brazil
3
Hepatitis Division, Central Public Health Laboratory Noel Nutels, Rio de Janeiro RJ 20231-092, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 27 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreaks among men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported worldwide and associated primarily with sexual transmission through oral-anal sex. Here, we provide the molecular and evolutionary description of a European strain, linked to HAV outbreaks among MSM, detected in a Brazilian homosexual couple. Bayesian analysis provided evidence that the viral isolates were introduced in Brazil from Spain between the end of 2016 and the beginning of 2017. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hepatitis A virus (HAV); European strain; HAV in Brazilian MSM Hepatitis A virus (HAV); European strain; HAV in Brazilian MSM
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Mello, V.M.; Lago, B.V.; Sousa, P.S.F.; Mello, F.C.A.; Souza, C.B.; Pinto, L.C.M.; Ginuino, C.F.; Fernandes, C.A.S.; Aguiar, S.F.; Villar, L.M.; Lampe, E.; Melgaço, J.G.; Lewis-Ximenez, L.L. Hepatitis A Strain Linked to the European Outbreaks During Gay Events between 2016 and 2017, Identified in a Brazilian Homosexual Couple in 2017. Viruses 2019, 11, 281.

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