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A New Genotype of Feline Morbillivirus Infects Primary Cells of the Lung, Kidney, Brain and Peripheral Blood

1
Institute of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 29, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
2
Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
3
Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 33, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
4
Tierarztpraxis Böhlen Dr. A. Vahlenkamp, Leipziger Straße 73, 04564 Böhlen, Germany
5
Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 43, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
6
Department for Small Animals, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 23, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
7
Institute for Medical Physics and Biophysics, Medical Department, Leipzig University, Härtelstraße 16-18, 04107 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Viruses 2019, 11(2), 146; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11020146
Received: 7 January 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 9 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Morbilliviruses)
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Abstract

Paramyxoviruses comprise a large number of diverse viruses which in part give rise to severe diseases in affected hosts. A new genotype of feline morbillivirus, tentatively named feline morbillivirus genotype 2 (FeMV-GT2), was isolated from urine of cats with urinary tract diseases. Whole genome sequencing showed about 78% nucleotide homology to known feline morbilliviruses. The virus was isolated in permanent cell lines of feline and simian origin. To investigate the cell tropism of FeMV-GT2 feline primary epithelial cells from the kidney, the urinary bladder and the lung, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as well as organotypic brain slice cultures were used for infection experiments. We demonstrate that FeMV-GT2 is able to infect renal and pulmonary epithelial cells, primary cells from the cerebrum and cerebellum, as well as immune cells in the blood, especially CD4+ T cells, CD20+ B cells and monocytes. The cats used for virus isolation shed FeMV-GT2 continuously for several months despite the presence of neutralizing antibodies in the blood. Our results point towards the necessity of increased awareness for this virus when clinical signs of the aforementioned organs are encountered in cats which cannot be explained by other etiologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cat; paramyxovirus; kidney disease; cell tropism; phylogeny cat; paramyxovirus; kidney disease; cell tropism; phylogeny
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Sieg, M.; Busch, J.; Eschke, M.; Böttcher, D.; Heenemann, K.; Vahlenkamp, A.; Reinert, A.; Seeger, J.; Heilmann, R.; Scheffler, K.; Vahlenkamp, T.W. A New Genotype of Feline Morbillivirus Infects Primary Cells of the Lung, Kidney, Brain and Peripheral Blood. Viruses 2019, 11, 146.

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