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Viruses 2018, 10(8), 430; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10080430

Molecular and Biological Characterisation of Turnip mosaic virus Isolates Infecting Poppy (Papaver somniferum and P. rhoeas) in Slovakia

1
Institute of Virology, Biomedical Research Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
2
Comenius University Science Park, Comenius University in Bratislava, Ilkovičova 8, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia
3
Department of Biotechnologies, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, J. Herdu 2, 917 01 Trnava, Slovakia
4
National Agriculture and Food Centre, Research Institute of Plant Production, Bratislavská cesta 122, 921 68 Piešťany, Slovakia
5
Institute of High Mountain Biology, University of Žilina, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Virus Ecology and Biodiversity)
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Abstract

In recent years, the accumulated molecular data of Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) isolates from various hosts originating from different parts of the world considerably helped to understand the genetic complexity and evolutionary history of the virus. In this work, four complete TuMV genomes (HC9, PK1, MS04, MS15) were characterised from naturally infected cultivated and wild-growing Papaver spp., hosts from which only very scarce data were available previously. Phylogenetic analyses showed the affiliation of Slovak Papaver isolates to the world-B and basal-B groups. The PK1 isolate showed a novel intra-lineage recombination pattern, further confirming the important role of recombination in the shaping of TuMV genetic diversity. Biological assays indicated that the intensity of symptoms in experimentally inoculated oilseed poppy are correlated to TuMV accumulation level in leaves. This is the first report of TuMV in poppy plants in Slovakia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Papaveraceae; TuMV; genome; recombination; HTS; symptoms Papaveraceae; TuMV; genome; recombination; HTS; symptoms
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Glasa, M.; Šoltys, K.; Predajňa, L.; Sihelská, N.; Nováková, S.; Šubr, Z.; Kraic, J.; Mihálik, D. Molecular and Biological Characterisation of Turnip mosaic virus Isolates Infecting Poppy (Papaver somniferum and P. rhoeas) in Slovakia. Viruses 2018, 10, 430.

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