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Viruses 2018, 10(8), 427; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10080427

Structure and Analysis of R1 and R2 Pyocin Receptor-Binding Fibers

1
Institute of Physics of Biologic Systems, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), BSP-415, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Shemyakin Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, 16/10 Mikluho Maklaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russia
3
Pylum Biosciences, 385 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 6A, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA
Current address: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Basic Sciences Building 6.600D, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0647, USA.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 9 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biotechnological Applications of Phage and Phage-Derived Proteins)
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Abstract

The R-type pyocins are high-molecular weight bacteriocins produced by some strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to specifically kill other strains of the same species. Structurally, the R-type pyocins are similar to “simple” contractile tails, such as those of phage P2 and Mu. The pyocin recognizes and binds to its target with the help of fibers that emanate from the baseplate structure at one end of the particle. Subsequently, the pyocin contracts its sheath and drives the rigid tube through the host cell envelope. This causes depolarization of the cytoplasmic membrane and cell death. The host cell surface-binding fiber is ~340 Å-long and is attached to the baseplate with its N-terminal domain. Here, we report the crystal structures of C-terminal fragments of the R1 and R2 pyocin fibers that comprise the distal, receptor-binding part of the protein. Both proteins are ~240 Å-long homotrimers in which slender rod-like domains are interspersed with more globular domains—two tandem knob domains in the N-terminal part of the fragment and a lectin-like domain at its C-terminus. The putative substrate binding sites are separated by about 100 Å, suggesting that binding of the fiber to the cell surface causes the fiber to adopt a certain orientation relative to the baseplate and this then triggers sheath contraction. View Full-Text
Keywords: R-type pyocin; bacteriocin; contractile injection systems; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; X-ray crystallography; receptor-binding protein R-type pyocin; bacteriocin; contractile injection systems; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; X-ray crystallography; receptor-binding protein
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Buth, S.A.; Shneider, M.M.; Scholl, D.; Leiman, P.G. Structure and Analysis of R1 and R2 Pyocin Receptor-Binding Fibers. Viruses 2018, 10, 427.

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