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Open AccessArticle

Governing and Delivering a Biome-Wide Restoration Initiative: The Case of Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact in Brazil

Centro de Pesquisas Ambientais do Nordeste (Cepan), Rua Dom Pedro Henrique, 167, Recife, PE, Brazil
Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego s/n, Recife, PE, Brazil
The Nature Conservancy, Avenida Paulista, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Diretor para a Mata Atlântica da Conservação Internacional, doutorando do Laboratório de Gestão Ambiental, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais e Florestais, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil
Secretaria de Biodiversidade e Florestas, Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA), Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brazil
Secretaria Executiva do Pacto pela Restauração da Mata Atlântica, Rua do Horto, 931, Casa das Reservas da Biosfera, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Secretaria do Meio Ambiente, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Global Forest and Climate Change Programa (GFCCP), International Union for Conservation of Nature, Washington, DC, USA
Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Restoration (LERF), Department of Biological Sciences, ESALQ, University of São Paulo, Av. Pádua Dias,11, P.O. Box 9, 13418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Laboratory of Tropical Forestry (LASTROP), Department of Forest Sciences, ESALQ—University of São Paulo, Av. Pádua Dias,11, P.O. Box 9, 13418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2014, 5(9), 2212-2229;
Received: 11 February 2014 / Revised: 2 September 2014 / Accepted: 4 September 2014 / Published: 19 September 2014
PDF [427 KB, uploaded 19 September 2014]


In many human-modified tropical landscapes, biodiversity conservation and the provision of ecosystem services require large-scale restoration initiatives. Such initiatives must be able to augment the amount and the quality of remaining natural habitats. There is thus a growing need for long-term, multi-stakeholder and multi-purpose initiatives that result in multiple ecological and socioeconomic benefits at the biome scale. The Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact (AFRP) is a coalition of 260+ stakeholders, including governmental agencies, private sector, NGOs and research institutions, aimed at restoring 15 million ha of degraded and deforested lands by 2050. By articulating, and then integrating common interests, this initiative has allowed different sectors of society to implement an ambitious vision and create a forum for public and private concerns regarding forest restoration. The AFRP adopts a set of governance tools so multiple actors can implement key processes to achieve long-term and visionary restoration goals. Having overcome some initial challenges, AFRP now has to incorporate underrepresented stakeholders and enhance its efforts to make forest restoration more economically viable, including cases where restoration could be less expensive and profitable. The AFRP experience has resulted in many lessons learned, which can be shared to foster similar initiatives across tropical regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Atlantic Forest; governance; restoration; Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact Atlantic Forest; governance; restoration; Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact

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Pinto, S.R.; Melo, F.; Tabarelli, M.; Padovesi, A.; Mesquita, C.A.; De Mattos Scaramuzza, C.A.; Castro, P.; Carrascosa, H.; Calmon, M.; Rodrigues, R.; César, R.G.; Brancalion, P.H.S. Governing and Delivering a Biome-Wide Restoration Initiative: The Case of Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact in Brazil. Forests 2014, 5, 2212-2229.

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