Next Article in Journal
Review of Wood Modification and Wood Functionalization Technologies
Previous Article in Journal
A Synthetic Landscape Metric to Evaluate Urban Vegetation Quality: A Case of Fuzhou City in China
 
 
Article

Biological Durability of Acetylated Hornbeam Wood with Soil Contact in Hungary

1
Institute of Wood Technology and Technical Sciences, Faculty of Wood Engineering and Creative Industries, University of Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky St. 4, H-9400 Sopron, Hungary
2
Institute of Environmental Protection and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Forestry, University of Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky St. 4, H-9400 Sopron, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christian Brischke
Forests 2022, 13(7), 1003; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13071003
Received: 30 May 2022 / Revised: 22 June 2022 / Accepted: 23 June 2022 / Published: 25 June 2022
This test aimed to discover if industrially acetylated hornbeam can tolerate real-field conditions in Hungary, where various microorganisms can attack the wood separately or cooperatively. Untreated samples accompanied the modified wood to assess the degradation capacity of the soil. The test also focused on weather parameters, the Scheffer index, and soil properties. The untreated stakes showed insect damage, soft rot decay, white rot decay, wasp stripping, moss, and cracks. All of the beech and hornbeam stakes broke after 3.5 years, and the last Scots pine sapwood stakes broke after 6 years. To date, acetylated hornbeam exhibits stronger resistance than untreated hornbeam, beech, and Scots pine sapwood. The acetylated hornbeam stakes showed no decay after 6 years of exposure, and they became dry shortly after being taken from the soil. Acetylated hornbeam stake number 7 had superficial brown rot decay after 18 months, which gradually worsened over the years. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that this stake had lower acetyl content. It was associated with hornbeam wood; it had a wet pocket or a part that was not as permeable and achieved a lower grade of acetylation. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood acetylation; hornbeam; weather; soil; durability; microscopy wood acetylation; hornbeam; weather; soil; durability; microscopy
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Fodor, F.; Bak, M.; Bidló, A.; Bolodár-Varga, B.; Németh, R. Biological Durability of Acetylated Hornbeam Wood with Soil Contact in Hungary. Forests 2022, 13, 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13071003

AMA Style

Fodor F, Bak M, Bidló A, Bolodár-Varga B, Németh R. Biological Durability of Acetylated Hornbeam Wood with Soil Contact in Hungary. Forests. 2022; 13(7):1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13071003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fodor, Fanni, Miklós Bak, András Bidló, Bernadett Bolodár-Varga, and Róbert Németh. 2022. "Biological Durability of Acetylated Hornbeam Wood with Soil Contact in Hungary" Forests 13, no. 7: 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13071003

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop