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Article

Stimulation, Reduction and Compensation Growth, and Variable Phenological Responses to Spring and/or Summer–Autumn Warming in Corylus Taxa and Cornus sanguinea L.

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Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Research Institute for Nature and Forest, 9500 Geraardsbergen, Belgium
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Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of the Philippines Visayas Tacloban College, Tacloban City 6500, Philippines
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Bavarian State Institute of Forestry, Department Soil and Climate, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 1, D-85354 Freising, Germany
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Department of Environment, Agricultural and Forest Systems, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Avda. Montañana 930, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Romà Ogaya
Forests 2022, 13(5), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050654
Received: 5 March 2022 / Revised: 17 April 2022 / Accepted: 21 April 2022 / Published: 22 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Environmental Changes on Forest Growth and Stability)
Understanding species-specific responses to climate change allows a better assessment of the possible impact of global warming on forest growth. We studied the responses of the shrub species Corylus avellana L., Corylus maxima Mill. and intermediate forms, together stated as the Corylus taxa, and Cornus sanguinea L. upon periodically elevated temperatures in spring and/or in summer–autumn. Experiments were performed in a common garden, with Belgian and Pyrenean provenances for Corylus avellana and Cornus sanguinea. In the Corylus taxa, a warmer spring resulted in a reduction in height and diameter growth. Remarkably, the reduced diameter increment was restored with full compensation in the following year. The height increment for Cornus sanguinea was larger upon a warmer summer–autumn, concurring with a later leaf senescence. Our results suggest that Corylus is more sensitive to spring warming, influencing growth negatively, whereas Cornus is more sensitive to summer–autumn warming, influencing height growth positively. These deviating responses can be explained, at least partly, by their diverging ecological niches, with the Corylus taxa being more shade-tolerant compared to Cornus sanguinea. The warm spring conditions advanced bud burst in all studied taxa, whereas the warm summer–autumn advanced leaf senescence but prolonged its duration in the Corylus taxa, as well as delayed this phenophase in Cornus sanguinea. Little to no after-effects of the temperature treatments were detected. Although Corylus avellana and Cornus sanguinea plants originated from similar origins, their growth and phenological responses in the common garden diverged, with Corylus being more stable and Cornus displaying more variation between the Belgian and Pyrenean provenances. View Full-Text
Keywords: red dogwood; hazel; filbert; provenance trial; periodic warming; elevated temperature; bud burst; leaf senescence; common garden; cumulative logistic regression red dogwood; hazel; filbert; provenance trial; periodic warming; elevated temperature; bud burst; leaf senescence; common garden; cumulative logistic regression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vander Mijnsbrugge, K.; Malanguis, J.M.; Moreels, S.; Turcsán, A.; Paino, E.N. Stimulation, Reduction and Compensation Growth, and Variable Phenological Responses to Spring and/or Summer–Autumn Warming in Corylus Taxa and Cornus sanguinea L. Forests 2022, 13, 654. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050654

AMA Style

Vander Mijnsbrugge K, Malanguis JM, Moreels S, Turcsán A, Paino EN. Stimulation, Reduction and Compensation Growth, and Variable Phenological Responses to Spring and/or Summer–Autumn Warming in Corylus Taxa and Cornus sanguinea L. Forests. 2022; 13(5):654. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vander Mijnsbrugge, Kristine, Jessa May Malanguis, Stefaan Moreels, Arion Turcsán, and Eduardo Notivol Paino. 2022. "Stimulation, Reduction and Compensation Growth, and Variable Phenological Responses to Spring and/or Summer–Autumn Warming in Corylus Taxa and Cornus sanguinea L." Forests 13, no. 5: 654. https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050654

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