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Article

Truffle Market Evolution: An Application of the Delphi Method

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Forest Science and Technology Centre of Catalonia (CTFC), Crta. Sant Llorenç de Morunys km 2, 25280 Solsona, Spain
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Forest Bioengineering Solutions S. A., Crta. Sant Llorenç de Morunys km 2, 25280 Solsona, Spain
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Department of Crop and Forest Sciences, University of Lleida, Av. Rovira Roure, 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
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Dipartimento TESAF, University of Padua, viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy
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Croatian Forest Research Institute, Cvjetno naselje 41, 10450 Jastrebarsko, Croatia
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CNPF, Délégation Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, site de Saint-Baldoph, 40 rue du Terraillet, 73190 Saint-Baldoph, France
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ETIFOR, Piazza A. De Gasperi 41, 35131 Padova, Italy
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Laboratory of Ecology, Department of Biological Applications and Technology, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
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Joint Research Unit CTFC-Agrotecnio, Avda. Rovira Roure, 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: José G. Borges, Davide M. Pettenella, Yu Wei and Emin Z. Başkent
Forests 2021, 12(9), 1174; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12091174
Received: 2 August 2021 / Revised: 24 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 30 August 2021
Background: The objective of this study was to analyze the current situation of the truffle sector in the main producing countries of the Mediterranean area. Additionally, we identified the challenges for the future and the priority actions to develop the truffle sector in the region. Methods: We used a Delphi process approach, and we selected a total of 17 expert panelists in different positions within the supply chain of the target countries (Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, and Greece). Results: The results obtained allowed us to have a complete description of the current truffle supply chain. We confirmed an evolution of the sector due to the cultivation success of several Tuber species. The maturity of the sector has produced shifts in the roles that form the traditional truffle supply chain operators. We confirmed the trend of a decrease of collectors that hunt truffles in the wild and sell to small travelling buyers, whilst truffle hunters that collect for farmers and specialty wholesalers are emerging. However, a trend of truffle price decrease in the last few years has alerted the sector. Conclusions: As production increases due to truffle cultivation, it will be necessary to promote truffle consumption. We identified actions to develop the truffle sector: (a) strengthen the link between truffles, tourism, and gastronomy; (b) increase the effort at European level for the recognition of truffle production, helping to develop truffle culture and marketing; (c) increase the awareness and consumption of truffles among consumers; and (d) develop tourism workshops for truffle farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-wood forest products; Tuber; supply-chain analysis; SWOT; truffle tourism non-wood forest products; Tuber; supply-chain analysis; SWOT; truffle tourism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oliach, D.; Vidale, E.; Brenko, A.; Marois, O.; Andrighetto, N.; Stara, K.; Martínez de Aragón, J.; Colinas, C.; Bonet, J.A. Truffle Market Evolution: An Application of the Delphi Method. Forests 2021, 12, 1174. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12091174

AMA Style

Oliach D, Vidale E, Brenko A, Marois O, Andrighetto N, Stara K, Martínez de Aragón J, Colinas C, Bonet JA. Truffle Market Evolution: An Application of the Delphi Method. Forests. 2021; 12(9):1174. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12091174

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliach, Daniel, Enrico Vidale, Anton Brenko, Olivia Marois, Nicola Andrighetto, Kalliopi Stara, Juan Martínez de Aragón, Carlos Colinas, and José A. Bonet. 2021. "Truffle Market Evolution: An Application of the Delphi Method" Forests 12, no. 9: 1174. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12091174

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