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Article

Effects of Spatial Boreal Forest Harvesting Practices on Efficiency through a Benchmarking Approach in Eastern Canada

by 1,2,* and 1,2,3
1
Institut de Recherche sur les Forêts, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, 445 Boul. de l’Université, Rouyn-Noranda, QC J9X 5E4, Canada
2
Centre D’étude de la Forêt, Case Postale 8888, Succursale Centre-Vialle, Montréal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
3
Hémera Centro de Observación de la Tierra, Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Mayor, Huechuraba, Santiago 8580745, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mauricio Acuna, John Sessions and Andres Weintraub
Forests 2021, 12(8), 1108; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081108
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 16 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
In eastern Canada, harvesting practices and spatial organization of harvested sites are modulated according to ecosystem forest management objectives. We determined how spatial organization affects efficiency by evaluating wood procurement costs. A comparative analysis of efficiency was presented using a non-parametric technique, i.e., data envelopment analysis (DEA), which allows multiple variable analyses of different factors. A database of 50 harvested sites during the period 2015–2018, located along a north-south latitudinal gradient between 46° to 50°, was constructed with variables describing spatial organization (roads and dispersion of patches) and operational aspects (wood procurement costs). The evaluated financial efficiencies show high values greater than 70%. The causes of inefficiency were dispersion of the patches, distance to the mill, and the number of kilometers of built roads. When efficiency values were arranged by latitudinal location, northern sites exhibited a lower value of overall and scale efficiency due to the high values in the wood harvested, and developed road density of the zone. View Full-Text
Keywords: fragstats; data envelopment analysis; spatial index; efficiency; non parametric; harvest fragstats; data envelopment analysis; spatial index; efficiency; non parametric; harvest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazo, D.; Valeria, O. Effects of Spatial Boreal Forest Harvesting Practices on Efficiency through a Benchmarking Approach in Eastern Canada. Forests 2021, 12, 1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081108

AMA Style

Mazo D, Valeria O. Effects of Spatial Boreal Forest Harvesting Practices on Efficiency through a Benchmarking Approach in Eastern Canada. Forests. 2021; 12(8):1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazo, Daniela, and Osvaldo Valeria. 2021. "Effects of Spatial Boreal Forest Harvesting Practices on Efficiency through a Benchmarking Approach in Eastern Canada" Forests 12, no. 8: 1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081108

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