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Article

Enhancement of Wood Biological Resistance and Fire Retardant Properties after Laccase Assisted Enzymatic Grafting

1
CINTECX, Department of Chemical Engineering, Campus Universitario As Lagoas–Marcosende, Universidade de Vigo, E-36310 Vigo, Spain
2
CNR, IBE, Via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
3
Renner S.p.A., Via Ronchi Inferiore 34, 40061 Minerbio, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luigi Todaro
Forests 2021, 12(8), 1102; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081102
Received: 17 July 2021 / Revised: 12 August 2021 / Accepted: 15 August 2021 / Published: 18 August 2021
Several treatments of wood, based on laccase assisted grafting, were evaluated in this paper. Firstly, the efficacy of lignosulfonate and kraft lignin from Eucalyptus spp. as a wood preservative was assessed. Both ligno products were anchored to wood surfaces via laccase treatment in order to avoid leaching. Moreover, some of these wood preservative treatments were completed with the addition of silver nanoparticles. For comparison, a commercial product was also analyzed in terms of its fungal decay resistance during surface application, in accordance to use class 3, CEN EN 335. Secondly, the anchoring of a flame retardant based on tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) was attempted, to limit the dispersion of this toxic substance from treated wood. In both cases, kraft lignin and lignosulfonate showed an improvement in wood durability, even after leaching. However, the addition of silver nanoparticles did not improve the efficacy. On the other hand, the efficacy of TBBPA as a flame retardant was not improved by grafting it with laccase treatment or by adding O2, a co-factor of laccase. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignin; enzymatic grafting; fire retardants; wood preservatives; C. puteana; T. versicolor lignin; enzymatic grafting; fire retardants; wood preservatives; C. puteana; T. versicolor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bolaño, C.; Palanti, S.; Benni, L.; Moldes, D. Enhancement of Wood Biological Resistance and Fire Retardant Properties after Laccase Assisted Enzymatic Grafting. Forests 2021, 12, 1102. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081102

AMA Style

Bolaño C, Palanti S, Benni L, Moldes D. Enhancement of Wood Biological Resistance and Fire Retardant Properties after Laccase Assisted Enzymatic Grafting. Forests. 2021; 12(8):1102. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bolaño, Cristian, Sabrina Palanti, Luigi Benni, and Diego Moldes. 2021. "Enhancement of Wood Biological Resistance and Fire Retardant Properties after Laccase Assisted Enzymatic Grafting" Forests 12, no. 8: 1102. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081102

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