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Review

Advances and Promises of Epigenetics for Forest Trees

1
CESAM—Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Département des Sciences Naturelles, Institut des Sciences de la Forêt Tempérée (ISFORT), Centre d’étude de la Forêt (CEF), University of Québec en Outaouais (UQO), Ripon, QC J0V 1V0, Canada
3
Laboratoire de Biologie des Ligneux et des Grandes Cultures (LBLGC), INRAe, University of Orléans, EA 1207 USC 1328, 45067 Orléans, France
4
Département des Sciences Biologiques, Centre d’Étude de la Forêt (CEF), University of Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Montréal, QC H2L 2C4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Present address: GDEC INRAe, 5 chemin de Beaulieu, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Forests 2020, 11(9), 976; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090976
Received: 30 June 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
The importance of tree genetic variability in the ability of forests to respond and adapt to environmental changes is crucial in forest management and conservation. Along with genetics, recent advances have highlighted “epigenetics” as an emerging and promising field of research for the understanding of tree phenotypic plasticity and adaptive responses. In this paper, we review recent advances in this emerging field and their potential applications for tree researchers and breeders, as well as for forest managers. First, we present the basics of epigenetics in plants before discussing its potential for trees. We then propose a bibliometric and overview of the literature on epigenetics in trees, including recent advances on tree priming. Lastly, we outline the promises of epigenetics for forest research and management, along with current gaps and future challenges. Research in epigenetics could use highly diverse paths to help forests adapt to global change by eliciting different innovative silvicultural approaches for natural- and artificial-based forest management. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; breeding; climate change; DNA methylation; epigenomics; memory; priming; stress; trees adaptation; breeding; climate change; DNA methylation; epigenomics; memory; priming; stress; trees
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amaral, J.; Ribeyre, Z.; Vigneaud, J.; Sow, M.D.; Fichot, R.; Messier, C.; Pinto, G.; Nolet, P.; Maury, S. Advances and Promises of Epigenetics for Forest Trees. Forests 2020, 11, 976. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090976

AMA Style

Amaral J, Ribeyre Z, Vigneaud J, Sow MD, Fichot R, Messier C, Pinto G, Nolet P, Maury S. Advances and Promises of Epigenetics for Forest Trees. Forests. 2020; 11(9):976. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090976

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amaral, Joana, Zoé Ribeyre, Julien Vigneaud, Mamadou D. Sow, Régis Fichot, Christian Messier, Gloria Pinto, Philippe Nolet, and Stéphane Maury. 2020. "Advances and Promises of Epigenetics for Forest Trees" Forests 11, no. 9: 976. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11090976

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