Next Article in Journal
A Deep Learning Approach for Calamity Assessment Using Sentinel-2 Data
Previous Article in Journal
Species, Climatypes, Climate Change, and Forest Health: A Conversion of Science to Practice for Inland Northwest (USA) Forests
Article

An Assessment of the Spatial Variability of Tropical Swamp Forest along a 300 km Long Transect in the Usumacinta River Basin, Mexico

1
Centro del Cambio Global y la Sustentabilidad A. C., Villahermosa 86080, Tabasco, Mexico
2
Centro Transdisciplinar Universitario para la Sustentabilidad, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City 01219, Mexico
3
División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Villahermosa 86150, Tabasco, Mexico
4
Departamento de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Coordinación de Villa Corzo, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Villa Corzo 30520, Chiapas, Mexico.
Present address: Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58190, Michoacán, Mexico.
§
Present address: División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Villahermosa 86150, Tabasco, Mexico.
Present address: Departamento de Conservación de la Biodiversidad, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, San Cristóbal de las Casas 29290, Chiapas, Mexico.
Forests 2020, 11(12), 1238; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121238
Received: 23 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 20 November 2020 / Published: 24 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Ecology and Management)
The provision of valuable ecosystem services by tropical swamp forests (mainly carbon sequestration and storage in biomass and soil) explains their ecological importance. Current efforts toward the conservation of these ecosystems, however, face strong limitations as their spatial variation is largely unknown, particularly in regions where they occur over large areas. Here, we analyze the α-diversity (i.e., effective number of species or true diversity) and community structure variability of three tropical swamp forest communities distributed along an approximately 300 km long portion of the Usumacinta River Basin, southern Mexico. We sampled eighty-three 625-m2 plots to characterize the diversity and structural attributes of the woody plant communities. We recorded 2302 individuals belonging to 60 species and 25 families. Both α-diversity and structural attributes differed significantly among the three communities. The most inland community stood out for having the highest α-diversity for three true diversity values. Interestingly, the mangrove Rhizophora mangle L. was one of the dominant species, both in the swamp forest located closest to the coast and in the community farthest away from the sea. Basal area and density of individuals also had their maxima in the most inland swamp forest. The diversity and structural differences observed among the examined swamp forests seem to be related to contrasting environmental conditions, such as water salinity, distance to the coastline, and the hydrological dynamics of the Usumacinta River. We emphasize the urgency to conserve R. mangle populations in the swamp forest located farthest away from the coast due to its unusual habitat association, which appears to be a relictual condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest structure; plant species conservation; Rhizophora mangle; San Pedro y San Pablo River; wetland forest forest structure; plant species conservation; Rhizophora mangle; San Pedro y San Pablo River; wetland forest
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Camilo, R.; Gallardo-Cruz, J.A.; Solórzano, J.V.; Peralta-Carreta, C.; Jiménez-López, D.A.; Castillo-Acosta, O.; Sánchez-González, M.; Meave, J.A. An Assessment of the Spatial Variability of Tropical Swamp Forest along a 300 km Long Transect in the Usumacinta River Basin, Mexico. Forests 2020, 11, 1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121238

AMA Style

Martínez-Camilo R, Gallardo-Cruz JA, Solórzano JV, Peralta-Carreta C, Jiménez-López DA, Castillo-Acosta O, Sánchez-González M, Meave JA. An Assessment of the Spatial Variability of Tropical Swamp Forest along a 300 km Long Transect in the Usumacinta River Basin, Mexico. Forests. 2020; 11(12):1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Camilo, Rubén, José A. Gallardo-Cruz, Jonathan V. Solórzano, Candelario Peralta-Carreta, Derio A. Jiménez-López, Ofelia Castillo-Acosta, Miguelina Sánchez-González, and Jorge A. Meave 2020. "An Assessment of the Spatial Variability of Tropical Swamp Forest along a 300 km Long Transect in the Usumacinta River Basin, Mexico" Forests 11, no. 12: 1238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121238

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop