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Open AccessArticle

The Pluriversality of Efforts to Reduce Deforestation in Brazil over the Past Decade: An Analysis of Policy Actors’ Perceptions

1
Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor 16115, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
2
BluoVerda Deutschland e.V., 01127 Dresden, Germany
3
Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 13418-900, Brazil
4
Institute for Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Energy Planning Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-914, Brazil
5
Brazilian Institute for Conservation Medicine—TRIADE, Recife 52061-030, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2020, 11(10), 1061; https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101061
Received: 16 July 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 16 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue REDD+: Protecting Climate, Forests and Livelihoods)
Brazil offers a complex and unique example of tropical landscapes. The country has considerably decreased deforestation since 2004, but Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is arguably under question, both as a concept and as a tool to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as deforestation levels have increased over the last five years. This article investigates how different policy actors have perceived REDD+ over time, how they have engaged in REDD+ efforts over the past decade, and how REDD+ implementation in Brazil should move forward accordingly. We analyzed qualitative data from semi-structured interviews and actors’ “stances”, i.e., their positions—with regards to key issues connected to REDD+ governance and its challenges—over three different time periods (Phase 1: 2010–2011, Phase 2: 2015–2016, and Phase 3: 2019), so as to identify the practical implications of these diverse interpretations. We argue that the way actors perceive REDD+ is intimately related to the way they interpret and assign meanings towards it and, in consequence, the way they coordinate REDD+-related practices and efforts. We focus on the link between perceptions and efforts so as to comprehend the relevance that different interpretations have to both the concept and implementation of REDD+ in Brazil. Our analysis concentrates on the potential to improve the coordination and integration of REDD+ implementation and diverse actors’ efforts with regards to REDD+ activities. Results suggest that actors’ perceptions of REDD+ generated a plurality of meanings, highlighting a range of dialectical and ontological interactions that have, in turn, resulted in multiple REDD+ interpretations. Findings highlight that different actors have the same interests when it comes to their organizational efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, suggesting that there is room for a better coordination of efforts towards this end, as well as increased collaboration. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; Brazil; policymaking; deforestation; governance coordination REDD+; Brazil; policymaking; deforestation; governance coordination
MDPI and ACS Style

Gebara, M.F.; Gallo, P.; Brites, A.; Lima, G.; Micheletti, T. The Pluriversality of Efforts to Reduce Deforestation in Brazil over the Past Decade: An Analysis of Policy Actors’ Perceptions. Forests 2020, 11, 1061.

AMA Style

Gebara MF, Gallo P, Brites A, Lima G, Micheletti T. The Pluriversality of Efforts to Reduce Deforestation in Brazil over the Past Decade: An Analysis of Policy Actors’ Perceptions. Forests. 2020; 11(10):1061.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gebara, Maria F.; Gallo, Patrícia; Brites, Alice; Lima, Guilherme; Micheletti, Tatiane. 2020. "The Pluriversality of Efforts to Reduce Deforestation in Brazil over the Past Decade: An Analysis of Policy Actors’ Perceptions" Forests 11, no. 10: 1061.

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