Next Article in Journal
Effect of the Strain Rate and Fiber Direction on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Beech Wood
Previous Article in Journal
Coniferous-Broadleaf Mixture Increases Soil Microbial Biomass and Functions Accompanied by Improved Stand Biomass and Litter Production in Subtropical China
Open AccessArticle

Factors Affecting Spatial Variation in Vegetation Carbon Density in Pinus massoniana Lamb. Forest in Subtropical China

1
College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Forest Ecosystem Protection and Restoration in Poyang Lake Watershed, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
3
College of Forestry, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(10), 880; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100880
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 6 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Ecology and Management)
Carbon density is an important indicator of carbon sequestration capacity in forest ecosystems. We investigated the vegetation carbon density of Pinus massoniana Lamb. forest in the Jiangxi Province. Based on plots investigation and measurement of the carbon content of the samples, the influencing factors and spatial variation of vegetation carbon density (including the tree layer, understory vegetation layer and litter layer) were analysed. The results showed that the average vegetation carbon density value of P. massoniana forest was 52 Mg·ha1. The vegetation carbon density was significantly (p < 0.01) and positively correlated with the stand age, mean annual precipitation, elevation and stand density and negatively correlated with the slope and mean annual temperature. Forest management had a significant impact on vegetation carbon density. To manage P. massoniana forest for carbon sequestration as the primary objective, near-natural forest management theory should be followed, e.g., replanting broadleaf trees. These measures would promote positive succession and improve the vegetation carbon sequestration capacity of forests. The results from the global Moran’s I showed that the vegetation carbon density of P. massoniana forest had significant positive spatial autocorrelation. The results of local Moran’s I showed that the high-high spatial clusters were mainly distributed in the southern, western and eastern parts of the province. The low-low spatial clusters were distributed in the Yushan Mountains and in the northern part of the province. The fitting results of the semivariogram models showed that the spherical model was the best fitting model for vegetation carbon density. The ratio of nugget to sill was 0.45, indicating a moderate spatial correlation of carbon density. The vegetation carbon density based on kriging spatial interpolation was mainly concentrated in the range of 32.5–69.8 Mg·ha1. The spatial distribution of vegetation carbon density regularity was generally low in the middle region and high in the peripheral region, which was consistent with the terrain characteristics of the study area. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest vegetation; carbon stock; influence factor; Moran’s I; spatial pattern forest vegetation; carbon stock; influence factor; Moran’s I; spatial pattern
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, P.; Sun, Y.; Ouyang, X.; Zang, H.; Rao, J.; Ning, J. Factors Affecting Spatial Variation in Vegetation Carbon Density in Pinus massoniana Lamb. Forest in Subtropical China. Forests 2019, 10, 880.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop