The Shear Mechanisms of Natural Fractures during the Hydraulic Stimulation of Shale Gas Reservoirs
AbstractThe shearing of natural fractures is important in the permeability enhancement of shale gas reservoirs during hydraulic fracturing treatment. In this work, the shearing mechanisms of natural fractures are analyzed using a newly proposed numerical model based on the displacement discontinuities method. The fluid-rock coupling system of the model is carefully designed to calculate the shearing of fractures. Both a single fracture and a complex fracture network are used to investigate the shear mechanisms. The investigation based on a single fracture shows that the non-ignorable shearing length of a natural fracture could be formed before the natural fracture is filled by pressurized fluid. Therefore, for the hydraulic fracturing treatment of the naturally fractured shale gas reservoirs, the shear strength of shale is generally more important than the tensile strength. The fluid-rock coupling propagation processes of a complex fracture network are simulated under different crustal stress conditions and the results agree well with those of the single fracture. The propagation processes of complex fracture network show that a smaller crustal stress difference is unfavorable to the shearing of natural fractures, but is favorable to the formation of complex fracture network. View Full-Text
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Zhang, Z.; Li, X. The Shear Mechanisms of Natural Fractures during the Hydraulic Stimulation of Shale Gas Reservoirs. Materials 2016, 9, 713.
Zhang Z, Li X. The Shear Mechanisms of Natural Fractures during the Hydraulic Stimulation of Shale Gas Reservoirs. Materials. 2016; 9(9):713.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Zhaobin; Li, Xiao. 2016. "The Shear Mechanisms of Natural Fractures during the Hydraulic Stimulation of Shale Gas Reservoirs." Materials 9, no. 9: 713.
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