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Open AccessArticle

Thermal Stability and Flammability of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber-Based (SBR) Ceramifiable Composites

Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 12/16, Lódź 90-924, Poland
Department of Ceramics and Refractory Materials, Faculty of Materials Science & Ceramics, AGH–University of Science & Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków 30-045, Poland
Management of Environment Protection and Modeling, The Jan Kochanowski University, Żeromskiego 5, Kielce 25-369, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Biqiong Chen
Materials 2016, 9(7), 604;
Received: 3 June 2016 / Revised: 8 July 2016 / Accepted: 11 July 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Research on Elastomers)
Ceramifiable styrene-butadiene (SBR)-based composites containing low-softening-point-temperature glassy frit promoting ceramification, precipitated silica, one of four thermally stable refractory fillers (halloysite, calcined kaolin, mica or wollastonite) and a sulfur-based curing system were prepared. Kinetics of vulcanization and basic mechanical properties were analyzed and added as Supplementary Materials. Combustibility of the composites was measured by means of cone calorimetry. Their thermal properties were analyzed by means of thermogravimetry and specific heat capacity determination. Activation energy of thermal decomposition was calculated using the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method. Finally, compression strength of the composites after ceramification was measured and their micromorphology was studied by scanning electron microscopy. The addition of a ceramification-facilitating system resulted in the lowering of combustibility and significant improvement of the thermal stability of the composites. Moreover, the compression strength of the mineral structure formed after ceramification is considerably high. The most promising refractory fillers for SBR-based ceramifiable composites are mica and halloysite. View Full-Text
Keywords: ceramification; ceramization; SBR rubber; composite; thermal stability; flammability; flame retardancy ceramification; ceramization; SBR rubber; composite; thermal stability; flammability; flame retardancy
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Anyszka, R.; Bieliński, D.M.; Pędzich, Z.; Rybiński, P.; Imiela, M.; Siciński, M.; Zarzecka-Napierała, M.; Gozdek, T.; Rutkowski, P. Thermal Stability and Flammability of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber-Based (SBR) Ceramifiable Composites. Materials 2016, 9, 604.

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