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Open AccessReview

Antimicrobial Approaches for Textiles: From Research to Market

1
CEMUC, Departamento de Engenharia Metalúrgica e Materiais, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
2
INEGI-Instituto de Engenharia Mecânica e Gestão Industrial, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
3
Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All the authors have contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Fernão D. Magalhães and Carla Renata Arciola
Materials 2016, 9(6), 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9060498
Received: 15 April 2016 / Revised: 8 June 2016 / Accepted: 15 June 2016 / Published: 21 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Cleaning and Antimicrobial Surfaces)
The large surface area and ability to retain moisture of textile structures enable microorganisms’ growth, which causes a range of undesirable effects, not only on the textile itself, but also on the user. Due to the public health awareness of the pathogenic effects on personal hygiene and associated health risks, over the last few years, intensive research has been promoted in order to minimize microbes’ growth on textiles. Therefore, to impart an antimicrobial ability to textiles, different approaches have been studied, being mainly divided into the inclusion of antimicrobial agents in the textile polymeric fibers or their grafting onto the polymer surface. Regarding the antimicrobial agents, different types have been used, such as quaternary ammonium compounds, triclosan, metal salts, polybiguanides or even natural polymers. Any antimicrobial treatment performed on a textile, besides being efficient against microorganisms, must be non-toxic to the consumer and to the environment. This review mainly intends to provide an overview of antimicrobial agents and treatments that can be performed to produce antimicrobial textiles, using chemical or physical approaches, which are under development or already commercially available in the form of isolated agents or textile fibers or fabrics. View Full-Text
Keywords: textiles; antimicrobial; antibacterial; durability; environment impact; health impact textiles; antimicrobial; antibacterial; durability; environment impact; health impact
MDPI and ACS Style

Morais, D.S.; Guedes, R.M.; Lopes, M.A. Antimicrobial Approaches for Textiles: From Research to Market. Materials 2016, 9, 498.

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