Next Article in Journal
Bio-Inspired Extreme Wetting Surfaces for Biomedical Applications
Next Article in Special Issue
Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of the Mechanical Behavior of Strongly Anisotropic Light-Weight Metallic Fiber Structures under Static and Dynamic Compressive Loading
Previous Article in Journal
Tailored N-Containing Carbons as Catalyst Supports in Alcohol Oxidation
Previous Article in Special Issue
How to Study Thermal Applications of Open-Cell Metal Foam: Experiments and Computational Fluid Dynamics
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(2), 115;

Structure and Compressive Properties of Invar-Cenosphere Syntactic Foams

Composite Materials and Mechanics Laboratory, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Tandon School of Engineering, New York University, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
ISIS Sensorial Materials Scientific Centre, University of Bremen, Bremen D-28359, Germany
MAPEX Center for Materials and Processes, University of Bremen, Bremen D-28359, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials (IFAM), Bremen D-28359, Germany
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Cairo 11651, Egypt
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sven De Schampheleire
Received: 25 December 2015 / Revised: 2 February 2016 / Accepted: 5 February 2016 / Published: 18 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Foams: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8212 KB, uploaded 18 February 2016]   |  


The present study investigates the mechanical performance of syntactic foams produced by means of the metal powder injection molding process having an Invar (FeNi36) matrix and including cenospheres as hollow particles at weight fractions (wt.%) of 5 and 10, respectively, corresponding to approximately 41.6 and 60.0 vol.% in relation to the metal content and at 0.6 g/cm3 hollow particle density. The synthesis process results in survival of cenospheres and provides low density syntactic foams. The microstructure of the materials is investigated as well as the mechanical performance under quasi-static and high strain rate compressive loads. The compressive stress-strain curves of syntactic foams reveal a continuous strain hardening behavior in the plastic region, followed by a densification region. The results reveal a strain rate sensitivity in cenosphere-based Invar matrix syntactic foams. Differences in properties between cenosphere- and glass microsphere-based materials are discussed in relation to the findings of microstructural investigations. Cenospheres present a viable choice as filler material in iron-based syntactic foams due to their higher thermal stability compared to glass microspheres. View Full-Text
Keywords: syntactic foams; metal foams; metal matrix composites; high strain rate; strain rate sensitivity; split-Hopkinson pressure bar syntactic foams; metal foams; metal matrix composites; high strain rate; strain rate sensitivity; split-Hopkinson pressure bar

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Luong, D.; Lehmhus, D.; Gupta, N.; Weise, J.; Bayoumi, M. Structure and Compressive Properties of Invar-Cenosphere Syntactic Foams. Materials 2016, 9, 115.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top