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An Experimental Study of Mortars with Recycled Ceramic Aggregates: Deduction and Prediction of the Stress-Strain

Barcelona School of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, C. Jordi Girona 1-3, Building C2, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Barcelona School of Building Construction, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Av. Doctor Marañón 44-50, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Faculty of Engineering Mochis, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Fuente de Poseidón y Ángel Flores s/n, Col. Jiquilpan, Module B2, Los Mochis, 81210 Sinaloa, Mexico
School of Civil Engineering, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Av. San Pablo No. 180, Col. Reynosa Tamaulipas, Delegación Azcapotzalco, 02200 Distrito Federal, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sinisa Dj. Mesarovic
Materials 2016, 9(12), 1029;
Received: 18 October 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Granular Materials)
PDF [7617 KB, uploaded 22 December 2016]


The difficult current environmental situation, caused by construction industry residues containing ceramic materials, could be improved by using these materials as recycled aggregates in mortars, with their processing causing a reduction in their use in landfill, contributing to recycling and also minimizing the consumption of virgin materials. Although some research is currently being carried out into recycled mortars, little is known about their stress-strain (σ-ε); therefore, this work will provide the experimental results obtained from recycled mortars with recycled ceramic aggregates (with contents of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 50% and 100%), such as the density and compression strength, as well as the σ-ε curves representative of their behavior. The values obtained from the analytical process of the results in order to finally obtain, through numerical analysis, the equations to predict their behavior (related to their recycled content) are those of: σ (elastic ranges and failure maximum), ε (elastic ranges and failure maximum), and Resilience and Toughness. At the end of the investigation, it is established that mortars with recycled ceramic aggregate contents of up to 20% could be assimilated just like mortars with the usual aggregates, and the obtained prediction equations could be used in cases of similar applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: mortar; ceramic wastes; recycled aggregates; stress-strain behavior; numerical simulation mortar; ceramic wastes; recycled aggregates; stress-strain behavior; numerical simulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Cabrera-Covarrubias, F.G.; Gómez-Soberón, J.M.; Almaral-Sánchez, J.L.; Arredondo-Rea, S.P.; Gómez-Soberón, M.C.; Corral-Higuera, R. An Experimental Study of Mortars with Recycled Ceramic Aggregates: Deduction and Prediction of the Stress-Strain. Materials 2016, 9, 1029.

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