Next Article in Journal
Additive Manufacturing of Patient-Customizable Scaffolds for Tubular Tissues Using the Melt-Drawing Method
Previous Article in Journal
X-ray Computed Tomography Imaging of the Microstructure of Sand Particles Subjected to High Pressure One-Dimensional Compression
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2016, 9(11), 892;

A Review on Development and Applications of Bio-Inspired Superhydrophobic Textiles

Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom 00852, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicola Pugno
Received: 16 August 2016 / Revised: 19 October 2016 / Accepted: 25 October 2016 / Published: 3 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5811 KB, uploaded 3 November 2016]   |  


Bio-inspired engineering has been envisioned in a wide array of applications. All living bodies on Earth, including animals and plants, have well organized functional systems developed by nature. These naturally designed functional systems inspire scientists and engineers worldwide to mimic the system for practical applications by human beings. Researchers in the academic world and industries have been trying, for hundreds of years, to demonstrate how these natural phenomena could be translated into the real world to save lives, money and time. One of the most fascinating natural phenomena is the resistance of living bodies to contamination by dust and other pollutants, thus termed as self-cleaning phenomenon. This phenomenon has been observed in many plants, animals and insects and is termed as the Lotus Effect. With advancement in research and technology, attention has been given to the exploration of the underlying mechanisms of water repellency and self-cleaning. As a result, various concepts have been developed including Young’s equation, and Wenzel and Cassie–Baxter theories. The more we unravel this process, the more we get access to its implications and applications. A similar pursuit is emphasized in this review to explain the fundamental principles, mechanisms, past experimental approaches and ongoing research in the development of bio-inspired superhydrophobic textiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: superhydrophobic textiles; self-cleaning; oil–water separation; UV-protection; contact angle superhydrophobic textiles; self-cleaning; oil–water separation; UV-protection; contact angle

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmad, I.; Kan, C.-W. A Review on Development and Applications of Bio-Inspired Superhydrophobic Textiles. Materials 2016, 9, 892.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top