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Nano Sensing and Energy Conversion Using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR)

School of Engineering and Computing Science, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive Unit 5797, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA
Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, 408 Dougherty Hall, Knoxville, TN 37996-2210, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gururaj V. Naik
Materials 2015, 8(7), 4332-4343;
Received: 1 May 2015 / Revised: 20 June 2015 / Accepted: 26 June 2015 / Published: 16 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasmonic Materials)
PDF [564 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]


Nanophotonic technique has been attracting much attention in applications of nano-bio-chemical sensing and energy conversion of solar energy harvesting and enhanced energy transfer. One approach for nano-bio-chemical sensing is surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging, which can detect the material properties, such as density, ion concentration, temperature, and effective refractive index in high sensitivity, label-free, and real-time under ambient conditions. Recent study shows that SPR can successfully detect the concentration variation of nanofluids during evaporation-induced self-assembly process. Spoof surface plasmon resonance based on multilayer metallo-dielectric hyperbolic metamaterials demonstrate SPR dispersion control, which can be combined with SPR imaging, to characterize high refractive index materials because of its exotic optical properties. Furthermore, nano-biophotonics could enable innovative energy conversion such as the increase of absorption and emission efficiency and the perfect absorption. Localized SPR using metal nanoparticles show highly enhanced absorption in solar energy harvesting. Three-dimensional hyperbolic metamaterial cavity nanostructure shows enhanced spontaneous emission. Recently ultrathin film perfect absorber is demonstrated with the film thickness is as low as ~1/50th of the operating wavelength using epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) phenomena at the wavelength close to SPR. It is expected to provide a breakthrough in sensing and energy conversion applications using the exotic optical properties based on the nanophotonic technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface plasmon resonance (SPR); nanophotonics; sensing; energy conversion surface plasmon resonance (SPR); nanophotonics; sensing; energy conversion

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Kim, I.I.; Kihm, K.D. Nano Sensing and Energy Conversion Using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). Materials 2015, 8, 4332-4343.

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