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Materials 2015, 8(7), 4287-4298;

A Novel Technique for the Connection of Ceramic and Titanium Implant Components Using Glass Solder Bonding

Biomechanics and Implant Technology Research Lab, Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Doberaner Strasse 142, Rostock 18057, Germany
Praxis fuer Zahnheilkunde, Holzgraben 1–3, Aachen 52062, Germany
ZM Praezisionsdentaltechnik GmbH, Breite Strasse 16, Rostock 18055, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jaroslaw W. Drelich
Received: 20 April 2015 / Revised: 2 July 2015 / Accepted: 3 July 2015 / Published: 14 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioceramics)
PDF [3422 KB, uploaded 14 July 2015]


Both titanium and ceramic materials provide specific advantages in dental implant technology. However, some problems, like hypersensitivity reactions, corrosion and mechanical failure, have been reported. Therefore, the combining of both materials to take advantage of their pros, while eliminating their respective cons, would be desirable. Hence, we introduced a new technique to bond titanium and ceramic materials by means of a silica-based glass ceramic solder. Cylindrical compound samples (Ø10 mm × 56 mm) made of alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ), as well as titanium grade 5, were bonded by glass solder on their end faces. As a control, a two-component adhesive glue was utilized. The samples were investigated without further treatment, after 30 and 90 days of storage in distilled water at room temperature, and after aging. All samples were subjected to quasi-static four-point-bending tests. We found that the glass solder bonding provided significantly higher bending strength than adhesive glue bonding. In contrast to the glued samples, the bending strength of the soldered samples remained unaltered by the storage and aging treatments. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses confirmed the presence of a stable solder-ceramic interface. Therefore, the glass solder technique represents a promising method for optimizing dental and orthopedic implant bondings. View Full-Text
Keywords: ceramics; titanium; bonding; glass solder; four-point-bending ceramics; titanium; bonding; glass solder; four-point-bending

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Mick, E.; Tinschert, J.; Mitrovic, A.; Bader, R. A Novel Technique for the Connection of Ceramic and Titanium Implant Components Using Glass Solder Bonding. Materials 2015, 8, 4287-4298.

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