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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Microdots Using Piezoelectric Dispensing Technique for Viscous Fluids

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, NO.1, Daxue Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Sofoklis Makridis
Materials 2015, 8(10), 7006-7016; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8105355
Received: 30 July 2015 / Revised: 22 September 2015 / Accepted: 8 October 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Materials)
A simple microfluidic control method that uses a piezoelectric dispenser head is developed to fabricate microdots. A glycerol mixture was used as the test fluid to simulate conductive metallic solutions. The orifice diameter of the dispenser was 50 μm. Investigations were conducted at room temperature (25 °C). For each bipolar waveform, fluid was extruded in the form of a stretching liquid column, which eventually retracted into the dispenser orifice. Microdots were obtained by governing the liquid transfer process between the dispenser orifice and the target surface, where the gap was smaller than the maximum extrusion length during liquid column formation. Three fluid behaviors were observed using high-speed imaging, namely extrusion, impact on the target surface, and pinch-off of liquid ligament. For gaps of below 70 μm, some of the fluid sticking on the target surface resulted in a microdot diameter of 26 μm (about half of the orifice diameter). View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric dispense; viscous fluid; microdot fabrication; dispensing dynamics; liquid junction piezoelectric dispense; viscous fluid; microdot fabrication; dispensing dynamics; liquid junction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, H.-L.; Hwang, W.-S.; Wang, J.-K.; Peng, W.-C.; Chen , S.-H. Fabrication of Microdots Using Piezoelectric Dispensing Technique for Viscous Fluids. Materials 2015, 8, 7006-7016.

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