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Advanced Ceramics from Preceramic Polymers Modified at the Nano-Scale: A Review

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Via Marzolo 9, Padova 35131, Italy
EMPA—Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf 8600, Switzerland
Institut für Keramik, Glas- und Baustofftechnik, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Agricolastraße 17, Freiberg 09596, Germany
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16801, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2014, 7(3), 1927-1956;
Received: 13 December 2013 / Revised: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 26 February 2014 / Published: 6 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles 2013)
Preceramic polymers, i.e., polymers that are converted into ceramics upon heat treatment, have been successfully used for almost 40 years to give advanced ceramics, especially belonging to the ternary SiCO and SiCN systems or to the quaternary SiBCN system. One of their main advantages is the possibility of combining the shaping and synthesis of ceramics: components can be shaped at the precursor stage by conventional plastic-forming techniques, such as spinning, blowing, injection molding, warm pressing and resin transfer molding, and then converted into ceramics by treatments typically above 800 °C. The extension of the approach to a wider range of ceramic compositions and applications, both structural and thermo-structural (refractory components, thermal barrier coatings) or functional (bioactive ceramics, luminescent materials), mainly relies on modifications of the polymers at the nano-scale, i.e., on the introduction of nano-sized fillers and/or chemical additives, leading to nano-structured ceramic components upon thermal conversion. Fillers and additives may react with the main ceramic residue of the polymer, leading to ceramics of significant engineering interest (such as silicates and SiAlONs), or cause the formation of secondary phases, significantly affecting the functionalities of the polymer-derived matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: precursors-organic; polymer-derived ceramics; nanocomposites; silicates; SiAlON precursors-organic; polymer-derived ceramics; nanocomposites; silicates; SiAlON
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bernardo, E.; Fiocco, L.; Parcianello, G.; Storti, E.; Colombo, P. Advanced Ceramics from Preceramic Polymers Modified at the Nano-Scale: A Review. Materials 2014, 7, 1927-1956.

AMA Style

Bernardo E, Fiocco L, Parcianello G, Storti E, Colombo P. Advanced Ceramics from Preceramic Polymers Modified at the Nano-Scale: A Review. Materials. 2014; 7(3):1927-1956.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bernardo, Enrico, Laura Fiocco, Giulio Parcianello, Enrico Storti, and Paolo Colombo. 2014. "Advanced Ceramics from Preceramic Polymers Modified at the Nano-Scale: A Review" Materials 7, no. 3: 1927-1956.

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