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Article

The Effect of Low-Temperature Thermal Processing on Bovine Hydroxyapatite Bone Substitutes, toward Bone Cell Interaction and Differentiation

Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
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Academic Editor: Maria Greabu
Materials 2022, 15(7), 2504; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072504
Received: 24 February 2022 / Revised: 26 March 2022 / Accepted: 26 March 2022 / Published: 29 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bone Graft for Bone Regeneration and Dental Implants)
Ideal bone grafting scaffolds are osteoinductive, osteoconductive, and encourage osteogenesis through the remodeling processes of bone resorption, new bone formation, and successful integration or replacement; however, achieving this trifecta remains challenging. Production methods of bone grafts, such as thermal processing, can have significant effects on the degree of cell-surface interactions via wide-scale changes in the material properties. Here, we investigated the effects of small incremental changes at low thermal processing temperatures on the degree of osteoclast and osteoblast attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. Bovine bone scaffolds were prepared at 100, 130, 160, 190, and 220 °C and compared with a commercial control, Bio-Oss®. Osteoclast attachment and activity were significantly higher on lower temperature processed bone and were not present ≥190 °C. The highest osteoblast proliferation and differentiation were obtained from treatments at 130 and 160 °C. Similarly, qRT2-PCR assays highlighted osteoblasts attached to bone processed at 130 and 160 °C as demonstrating the highest osteogenic gene expression. This study demonstrated the significant effects of small-scale processing changes on bone graft materials in vitro, which may translate to a tailored approach of cellular response in vivo. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone graft; thermal effects; bone cells; regenerative materials bone graft; thermal effects; bone cells; regenerative materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Porter, G.C.; Abdelmoneim, D.; Li, K.C.; Duncan, W.J.; Coates, D.E. The Effect of Low-Temperature Thermal Processing on Bovine Hydroxyapatite Bone Substitutes, toward Bone Cell Interaction and Differentiation. Materials 2022, 15, 2504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072504

AMA Style

Porter GC, Abdelmoneim D, Li KC, Duncan WJ, Coates DE. The Effect of Low-Temperature Thermal Processing on Bovine Hydroxyapatite Bone Substitutes, toward Bone Cell Interaction and Differentiation. Materials. 2022; 15(7):2504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072504

Chicago/Turabian Style

Porter, Gemma Claire, Dina Abdelmoneim, Kai Chun Li, Warwick John Duncan, and Dawn Elizabeth Coates. 2022. "The Effect of Low-Temperature Thermal Processing on Bovine Hydroxyapatite Bone Substitutes, toward Bone Cell Interaction and Differentiation" Materials 15, no. 7: 2504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072504

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