Next Article in Journal
Performance Evaluation of Jute/Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polybutylene Succinate (PBS) Hybrid Composites with Different Layering Configurations
Previous Article in Journal
Magnetic Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment: Advancements in Their Synthesis Methods
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Overview Regarding Microbial Aspects of Production and Applications of Bacterial Cellulose
Review

Bacterial Cellulose—A Remarkable Polymer as a Source for Biomaterials Tailoring

Department of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, 6 Traian Vuia Str., 020956 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Federica Bondioli
Materials 2022, 15(3), 1054; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15031054
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 19 January 2022 / Accepted: 27 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bacterial Cellulose Composites)
Nowadays, the development of new eco-friendly and biocompatible materials using ‘green’ technologies represents a significant challenge for the biomedical and pharmaceutical fields to reduce the destructive actions of scientific research on the human body and the environment. Thus, bacterial cellulose (BC) has a central place among these novel tailored biomaterials. BC is a non-pathogenic bacteria-produced polysaccharide with a 3D nanofibrous structure, chemically identical to plant cellulose, but exhibiting greater purity and crystallinity. Bacterial cellulose possesses excellent physicochemical and mechanical properties, adequate capacity to absorb a large quantity of water, non-toxicity, chemical inertness, biocompatibility, biodegradability, proper capacity to form films and to stabilize emulsions, high porosity, and a large surface area. Due to its suitable characteristics, this ecological material can combine with multiple polymers and diverse bioactive agents to develop new materials and composites. Bacterial cellulose alone, and with its mixtures, exhibits numerous applications, including in the food and electronic industries and in the biotechnological and biomedical areas (such as in wound dressing, tissue engineering, dental implants, drug delivery systems, and cell culture). This review presents an overview of the main properties and uses of bacterial cellulose and the latest promising future applications, such as in biological diagnosis, biosensors, personalized regenerative medicine, and nerve and ocular tissue engineering. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial cellulose; ecological biopolymer; composites; biomedical applications; tissue engineering; wound dressing bacterial cellulose; ecological biopolymer; composites; biomedical applications; tissue engineering; wound dressing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Popa, L.; Ghica, M.V.; Tudoroiu, E.-E.; Ionescu, D.-G.; Dinu-Pîrvu, C.-E. Bacterial Cellulose—A Remarkable Polymer as a Source for Biomaterials Tailoring. Materials 2022, 15, 1054. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15031054

AMA Style

Popa L, Ghica MV, Tudoroiu E-E, Ionescu D-G, Dinu-Pîrvu C-E. Bacterial Cellulose—A Remarkable Polymer as a Source for Biomaterials Tailoring. Materials. 2022; 15(3):1054. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15031054

Chicago/Turabian Style

Popa, Lăcrămioara, Mihaela V. Ghica, Elena-Emilia Tudoroiu, Diana-Georgiana Ionescu, and Cristina-Elena Dinu-Pîrvu. 2022. "Bacterial Cellulose—A Remarkable Polymer as a Source for Biomaterials Tailoring" Materials 15, no. 3: 1054. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15031054

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop