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Article

Two Tautomers of Thiobarbituric Acid in One Crystal: The Experimental Charge Density Perspective

Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Uniwersytetu Poznanskiego 8, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
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Academic Editors: Tao-Hsing Chen and Shih-Chen Shi
Materials 2022, 15(1), 223; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010223
Received: 31 October 2021 / Revised: 20 December 2021 / Accepted: 23 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Multiple Application for Novel and Advanced Materials)
High-quality crystals of a certain polymorphic form of thiobarbituric acid containing both keto and enol tautomers in the asymmetric unit were obtained. High-resolution X-ray diffraction data up to sinθ/λ = 1.0 Å−1 were collected and subsequently successfully used for the refining of the multipolar model of electron density distribution. The use of a crystal containing both ketone and enol forms allowed a direct comparison of the topological analysis results and a closer look at the differences between these two forms. The similarities and differences between the deformation densities, electrostatic potentials, Laplacian maps and bond characteristics of the tautomers were analysed. Additionally, the spectrum of the intermolecular interactions was identified and studied from classical, relatively strong N-H···O and O-H···O hydrogen bonds through weaker N-H···S hydrogen bonds to weak interactions (for instance, C-H···O, C-H···S and N···O). The results of these studies point toward the importance of including both the geometrical features and the details of the electron density distribution in the analysis of such weak interactions. View Full-Text
Keywords: tautomerism; experimental electron density; multipolar model; topological analysis; intermolecular interactions tautomerism; experimental electron density; multipolar model; topological analysis; intermolecular interactions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grześkiewicz, A.M.; Kubicki, M. Two Tautomers of Thiobarbituric Acid in One Crystal: The Experimental Charge Density Perspective. Materials 2022, 15, 223. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010223

AMA Style

Grześkiewicz AM, Kubicki M. Two Tautomers of Thiobarbituric Acid in One Crystal: The Experimental Charge Density Perspective. Materials. 2022; 15(1):223. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010223

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grześkiewicz, Anita M., and Maciej Kubicki. 2022. "Two Tautomers of Thiobarbituric Acid in One Crystal: The Experimental Charge Density Perspective" Materials 15, no. 1: 223. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010223

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