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Article

Photocatalytic Degradation of Cefixime Trihydrate by Bismuth Ferrite Nanoparticles

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Centre for Inorganic Chemistry, School of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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School of Physical Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Centre for Physical Chemistry, School of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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Department of Advanced Materials Engineering for Information and Electronics, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si 446701, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wilfried Wunderlich
Materials 2022, 15(1), 213; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010213
Received: 2 December 2021 / Revised: 20 December 2021 / Accepted: 21 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis: Recent Developments and Technological Advancements)
The present work was carried out to synthesize bismuth ferrite (BFO) nanoparticles by combustion synthesis, and to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of synthesized bismuth ferrite nanoparticles against cefixime trihydrate. BFO nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using bismuth (III) nitrate and iron (III) nitrate by a combustion synthesis method employing different types of fuels such as maltose, succinic acid, cinnamic acid, and lactose. The effects of the different types of fuels on the morphology and size of the bismuth ferrite nanoparticles were investigated. Characterization of the as-obtained bismuth ferrite nanoparticles was carried out by different techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy-Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), N2-sorption analysis, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and ultraviolet-visible (UV–vis) spectroscopy. Photoluminescence studies were also carried out for the various bismuth ferrite nanoparticles obtained. Degradation of cefixime trihydrate was investigated under sunlight to evaluate the photocatalytic properties of the bismuth ferrite nanoparticles, and it was found that the bismuth ferrite nanoparticles followed first-order degradation kinetics in solar irradiation in the degradation of antibiotic, cefixime trihydrate. View Full-Text
Keywords: BiFeO3; photocatalysis; cephalosporin; sunlight BiFeO3; photocatalysis; cephalosporin; sunlight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nazir, A.; Latif, S.; Adil, S.F.; Kuniyil, M.; Imran, M.; Hatshan, M.R.; Kanwal, F.; Shaik, B. Photocatalytic Degradation of Cefixime Trihydrate by Bismuth Ferrite Nanoparticles. Materials 2022, 15, 213. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010213

AMA Style

Nazir A, Latif S, Adil SF, Kuniyil M, Imran M, Hatshan MR, Kanwal F, Shaik B. Photocatalytic Degradation of Cefixime Trihydrate by Bismuth Ferrite Nanoparticles. Materials. 2022; 15(1):213. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010213

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nazir, Ammara, Shoomaila Latif, Syed F. Adil, Mufsir Kuniyil, Muhammad Imran, Mohammad R. Hatshan, Farah Kanwal, and Baji Shaik. 2022. "Photocatalytic Degradation of Cefixime Trihydrate by Bismuth Ferrite Nanoparticles" Materials 15, no. 1: 213. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010213

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