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Review

Tribological Performance of Composites Reinforced with the Agricultural, Industrial and Post-Consumer Wastes: A Review

1
Institute of Machines and Motor Vehicles (IMRiPS), Poznan University of Technology, 60965 Poznań, Poland
2
Łukasiewicz Research Network—Wood Technology Institute, 60654 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nektaria Marianthi Barkoula
Materials 2021, 14(8), 1863; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081863
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 5 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
Waste management is still one of the leading global challenges in the 21st century. From the European Union’s point of view, the Waste Framework Directive obliges businesses and households to recycle at least 55% of their municipal waste by 2025 and to reach 65% in 2035. Hence there is a great need to seek new solutions for the reuse of various waste materials. One of the most widely used wastes is their utilization as fillers or reinforcements in the metal- or polymer-based composites. The reuse of wastes for the production of tribological materials gives not only environmental benefits related to the transformation of waste into raw materials but also may improve the mechanical and tribological properties of such materials. Moreover, the use of waste reduces the production costs resulting from the lower price of filler materials and longer service life of developed products. The purpose of the current review is, therefore, aimed at the evaluation of the reuse of agricultural, industrial and postconsumer wastes as reinforcements in the composites used for tribological applications. The tribological performance (wear rate, coefficient of friction) of both monolithic and hybrid composites reinforced with waste materials was a particular subject of interest in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste; composite; polymer; metal; wear; coefficient of friction; tribology waste; composite; polymer; metal; wear; coefficient of friction; tribology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sydow, Z.; Sydow, M.; Wojciechowski, Ł.; Bieńczak, K. Tribological Performance of Composites Reinforced with the Agricultural, Industrial and Post-Consumer Wastes: A Review. Materials 2021, 14, 1863. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081863

AMA Style

Sydow Z, Sydow M, Wojciechowski Ł, Bieńczak K. Tribological Performance of Composites Reinforced with the Agricultural, Industrial and Post-Consumer Wastes: A Review. Materials. 2021; 14(8):1863. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081863

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sydow, Zuzanna, Mateusz Sydow, Łukasz Wojciechowski, and Krzysztof Bieńczak. 2021. "Tribological Performance of Composites Reinforced with the Agricultural, Industrial and Post-Consumer Wastes: A Review" Materials 14, no. 8: 1863. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081863

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