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Article

Optimization of Mechanical Properties and Damage Tolerance in Polymer-Mineral Multilayer Composites

1
Materials Science and Testing of Polymers, Montanuniversitaet Leoben, 8700 Leoben, Austria
2
Institute of Polymer Extrusion and Compounding, Johannes Kepler University Linz, 4040 Linz, Austria
3
Erich-Schmid-Institute of Materials Science, Austrian Academy of Science, 8700 Leoben, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Federico Carosio
Materials 2021, 14(4), 725; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040725
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 27 January 2021 / Published: 4 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structure Property Relationship of Polymeric Materials)
Talcum reinforced polypropylene was enhanced with a soft type of polypropylene in order to increase the impact strength and damage tolerance of the material. The soft phase was incorporated in the form of continuous interlayers, where the numbers of layers ranged from 64 to 2048. A blend with the same material composition (based on wt% of the used materials) and the pure matrix material were investigated for comparison. A plateau in impact strength was reached by layered architectures, where the matrix layer thickness was as small or smaller than the largest talcum particles. The most promising layered architecture, namely, 512 layers, was subsequently investigated more thoroughly using instrumented Charpy experiments and tensile testing. In these tests, normalised parameters for stiffness and strength were obtained in addition to the impact strength. The multilayered material showed remarkable impact strength, fracture energy and damage tolerance. However, stiffness and strength were reduced due to the addition of the soft phase. It could be shown that specimens under bending loads are very compliant due to a stress-decoupling effect between layers that specifically reduces bending stiffness. This drawback could be avoided under tensile loading, while the increase in toughness remained high. View Full-Text
Keywords: multilayer; biomimetic design; damage tolerance; polypropylene; microlayer multilayer; biomimetic design; damage tolerance; polypropylene; microlayer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wiener, J.; Kaineder, H.; Kolednik, O.; Arbeiter, F. Optimization of Mechanical Properties and Damage Tolerance in Polymer-Mineral Multilayer Composites. Materials 2021, 14, 725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040725

AMA Style

Wiener J, Kaineder H, Kolednik O, Arbeiter F. Optimization of Mechanical Properties and Damage Tolerance in Polymer-Mineral Multilayer Composites. Materials. 2021; 14(4):725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040725

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wiener, Johannes, Hannes Kaineder, Otmar Kolednik, and Florian Arbeiter. 2021. "Optimization of Mechanical Properties and Damage Tolerance in Polymer-Mineral Multilayer Composites" Materials 14, no. 4: 725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040725

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