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Open AccessArticle

Development of Multifunctional Materials Based on Poly(ether ether ketone) with Improved Biological Performances for Dental Applications

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Laboratory for Biomaterials and Bioengineering (CRC-I), Department of Min-Met-Materials Engineering & CHU de Quebec Research Center, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V0A6, Canada
2
Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Blvd. Enrique Reyna 140, Saltillo CP 25294, Coah, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Gasik
Materials 2021, 14(4), 1047; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14041047
Received: 6 January 2021 / Revised: 12 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Translational Research on Dental Materials)
The main target for the future of materials in dentistry aims to develop dental implants that will have optimal integration with the surrounding tissues, while preventing or avoiding bacterial infections. In this project, poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK), known for its suitable biocompa-tibility and mechanical properties for dental applications, was loaded with 1, 3, and 5 wt.% ZnO nanoparticles to provide antibacterial properties and improve interaction with cells. Sample cha-racterization by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as well as mechanical properties showed the presence of the nanoparticles and their effect in PEEK matrices, preserving their relevant properties for dental applications. Al-though, the incorporation of ZnO nanoparticles did not improve the mechanical properties and a slight decrease in the thermal stability of the materials was observed. Hemocompatibility and osteoblasts-like cell viability tests showed improved biological performances when ZnO was present, demonstrating high potential for dental implant applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(ether ether ketone); zinc oxide nanoparticles; dental applications; mechanical pro-perties poly(ether ether ketone); zinc oxide nanoparticles; dental applications; mechanical pro-perties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montaño-Machado, V.; Chevallier, P.; Bonilla-Gameros, L.; Copes, F.; Quarta, C.; Kú-Herrera, J.d.J.; Soriano, F.; Padilla-Gainza, V.; Morales, G.; Mantovani, D. Development of Multifunctional Materials Based on Poly(ether ether ketone) with Improved Biological Performances for Dental Applications. Materials 2021, 14, 1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14041047

AMA Style

Montaño-Machado V, Chevallier P, Bonilla-Gameros L, Copes F, Quarta C, Kú-Herrera JdJ, Soriano F, Padilla-Gainza V, Morales G, Mantovani D. Development of Multifunctional Materials Based on Poly(ether ether ketone) with Improved Biological Performances for Dental Applications. Materials. 2021; 14(4):1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14041047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montaño-Machado, Vanessa; Chevallier, Pascale; Bonilla-Gameros, Linda; Copes, Francesco; Quarta, Chiara; Kú-Herrera, José d.J.; Soriano, Florentino; Padilla-Gainza, Victoria; Morales, Graciela; Mantovani, Diego. 2021. "Development of Multifunctional Materials Based on Poly(ether ether ketone) with Improved Biological Performances for Dental Applications" Materials 14, no. 4: 1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14041047

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