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Environmental Impact of Geosynthetics in Coastal Protection

BAM Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und-prüfung, 12200 Berlin, Germany
Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology, 1007 Riga, Latvia
Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 236041 Kaliningrad, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Qing-feng Liu
Materials 2021, 14(3), 634;
Received: 4 January 2021 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measurement of the Environmental Impact of Materials)
Geosynthetic materials are applied in measures for coastal protection. Weathering or any damage of constructions, as shown by a field study in Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia), could lead to the littering of the beach or the sea (marine littering) and the discharge of possibly harmful additives into the marine environment. The ageing behavior of a widely used geotextile made of polypropylene was studied by artificial accelerated ageing in water-filled autoclaves at temperatures of 30 to 80 °C and pressures of 10 to 50 bar. Tensile strength tests were used to evaluate the progress of ageing, concluding that temperature rather than pressure was the main factor influencing the ageing of geotextiles. Using a modified Arrhenius equation, it was possible to calculate the half-life for the loss of 50% of the strain, which corresponds to approximately 330 years. Dynamic surface leaching and ecotoxicological tests were performed to determine the possible release of contaminants. No harmful effects on the test organisms were observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: geosynthetics; geotextiles; dynamic surface leaching test; artificial ageing; marine littering geosynthetics; geotextiles; dynamic surface leaching test; artificial ageing; marine littering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scholz, P.; Putna-Nimane, I.; Barda, I.; Liepina-Leimane, I.; Strode, E.; Kileso, A.; Esiukova, E.; Chubarenko, B.; Purina, I.; Simon, F.-G. Environmental Impact of Geosynthetics in Coastal Protection. Materials 2021, 14, 634.

AMA Style

Scholz P, Putna-Nimane I, Barda I, Liepina-Leimane I, Strode E, Kileso A, Esiukova E, Chubarenko B, Purina I, Simon F-G. Environmental Impact of Geosynthetics in Coastal Protection. Materials. 2021; 14(3):634.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scholz, Philipp, Ieva Putna-Nimane, Ieva Barda, Ineta Liepina-Leimane, Evita Strode, Alexandr Kileso, Elena Esiukova, Boris Chubarenko, Ingrida Purina, and Franz-Georg Simon. 2021. "Environmental Impact of Geosynthetics in Coastal Protection" Materials 14, no. 3: 634.

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