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Article

Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Stenocereus queretaroensis Fruit Peel Extract: Study of Antimicrobial Activity

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Unit of Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Center for Research and Assistance in Technology and Design of the State of Jalisco, A.C. (CIATEJ), Guadalajara 44270, Jalisco, Mexico
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Department of Biochemistry & Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases, University of Alberta, 204 Brain and Aging Research Building, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M8, Canada
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Department of Research and Innovation, Universidad Tecnológica de Oriental, Oriental 75020, Puebla, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miruna Silvia Stan
Materials 2021, 14(16), 4543; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164543
Received: 18 July 2021 / Revised: 6 August 2021 / Accepted: 9 August 2021 / Published: 12 August 2021
The synthesis and application of nanomaterials as antioxidants and cytotoxic agents has increased in recent years. Biological methods go beyond the chemical and physical synthesis that is expensive and not friendly to the environment. Foodborne pathogens and microorganisms causing candidiasis are responsible of 5–10% hospitalized patients. The nutritional properties of the fruit called pitaya, from the Stenocereus queretaroensis species, have been little explored. Therefore, in this study the phytochemical composition of S. queretaroensis peel was evaluated and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized biologically in an environmentally friendly way by S. queretaroensis peel aqueous extract that contains phytochemicals capable of reducing silver nitrate. The antimicrobial activity of the AgNPs was tested by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) and time-kill kinetics. AgNPs were characterized visually, by UV-visible spectroscopy and TEM. FTIR spectroscopy identified metabolites responsible for the AgNPs formation. AgNPs showed potent antimicrobial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, against fungi, and a methicillin-resistant strain of S. aureus. MIC and MBC values were as low as 0.078 and 0.156 μg/mL using AgNPs biosynthesized by S. queretaroensis fruit peel and the time kill assay started a log reduction in CFU/mL at 1 × MIC and 2 × MIC. S. queretaroensis-mediated AgNPs could be the basis for the formulation of biofilms for packaging products or as disinfectants for use on different surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; biosynthesis; antimicrobial activity; Stenocereus queretaroensis peel extract; pitaya peel nanoparticles; biosynthesis; antimicrobial activity; Stenocereus queretaroensis peel extract; pitaya peel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Padilla-Camberos, E.; Sanchez-Hernandez, I.M.; Torres-Gonzalez, O.R.; Ramirez-Rodriguez, P.; Diaz, E.; Wille, H.; Flores-Fernandez, J.M. Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Stenocereus queretaroensis Fruit Peel Extract: Study of Antimicrobial Activity. Materials 2021, 14, 4543. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164543

AMA Style

Padilla-Camberos E, Sanchez-Hernandez IM, Torres-Gonzalez OR, Ramirez-Rodriguez P, Diaz E, Wille H, Flores-Fernandez JM. Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Stenocereus queretaroensis Fruit Peel Extract: Study of Antimicrobial Activity. Materials. 2021; 14(16):4543. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164543

Chicago/Turabian Style

Padilla-Camberos, Eduardo, Ivan M. Sanchez-Hernandez, Omar R. Torres-Gonzalez, Patricia Ramirez-Rodriguez, Emmanuel Diaz, Holger Wille, and Jose M. Flores-Fernandez. 2021. "Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Stenocereus queretaroensis Fruit Peel Extract: Study of Antimicrobial Activity" Materials 14, no. 16: 4543. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164543

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