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Article

Modification and Properties of Cellulose Nonwoven Fabric—Multifunctional Mulching Material for Agricultural Applications

1
Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biała, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
2
Department of Environmental Protection and Engineering, Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biała, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Materials, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Bielsko-Biała, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joel Pawlak
Materials 2021, 14(15), 4335; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14154335
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 29 July 2021 / Accepted: 30 July 2021 / Published: 3 August 2021
The paper describes a method of modifying a commercial viscose nonwoven fabric and its use as a modern mulching material in agriculture. The conducted research confirmed that the proposed modification of the viscose nonwoven fabric could be successfully used as a multipurpose and, above all, completely biodegradable nonwoven crop cover, which will eliminate the problem of disposal after the harvest period. Modified cellulose nonwoven fabric was obtained by staining with NB—BT helion brown, then padding with potassium nitrate (KNO3) solution (used as a fertilizer) and finally coating with polylactide (PLA) solution. The characterisation of the nonwoven fabric included structural analysis, physicochemical properties and mechanical tests. The modified cellulose nonwovens were used in the tunnel cultivation of tomatoes as a heat-retardant, water-absorbing, antiweed mulching material that prevents soil infestation and slowly releases fertilizers. View Full-Text
Keywords: viscose; chemical fertilisers; polylactide; degradation; nonwoven crop cover viscose; chemical fertilisers; polylactide; degradation; nonwoven crop cover
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gabryś, T.; Fryczkowska, B.; Grzybowska-Pietras, J.; Biniaś, D. Modification and Properties of Cellulose Nonwoven Fabric—Multifunctional Mulching Material for Agricultural Applications. Materials 2021, 14, 4335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14154335

AMA Style

Gabryś T, Fryczkowska B, Grzybowska-Pietras J, Biniaś D. Modification and Properties of Cellulose Nonwoven Fabric—Multifunctional Mulching Material for Agricultural Applications. Materials. 2021; 14(15):4335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14154335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gabryś, Tobiasz, Beata Fryczkowska, Joanna Grzybowska-Pietras, and Dorota Biniaś. 2021. "Modification and Properties of Cellulose Nonwoven Fabric—Multifunctional Mulching Material for Agricultural Applications" Materials 14, no. 15: 4335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14154335

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